PEMF is a cellular exercise based on the principles of pulsed electromagnetic field therapy. Exercising the cells in this way allows for an exchange of fluids. Toxins are expelled, and fresh minerals, nutrients, and water enter the cell, stimulating optimal function. It is a reparative technique most commonly used in the field of orthopedics for the treatment of non-union fractures and failed fusions. In the case of bone healing, PEMF uses electrical energy to direct a series of magnetic pulses through injured tissue whereby each magnetic pulse induces a tiny electrical signal that stimulates cellular repair by enhancing uptake of oxygen, transport of ions (calcium, potassium, sodium) across cell membranes, improved circulation, enhanced sleep, pain relief, and stress reduction.