Muscle injuries

Your muscles help you move and help your bodywork. Different types of muscles have different jobs. There are many problems that can affect muscles. Muscle disorders can cause weakness, pain, or even paralysis.

Causes of muscle disorders include

  • Injury or overuse, such as sprains or strains, cramps or tendinitis
  • A genetic disorder, such as muscular dystrophy
  • Some cancers
  • Inflammation, such as myositis
  • Diseases of nerves that affect muscles
  • Infections
  • Certain medicines

Sometimes the cause of muscle disorders is unknown.

Muscle injuries is a broad term encompassing many pathologies and these are common injuries in both elite and amateur athletes as well as in the general population.

Skeletal muscle injuries represent a great part of all traumas in sports medicine, with an incidence from 10% to 55% of all sustained injuries. The muscles and muscle groups more frequently involved are the hamstrings, rectus femoris, and the medial head of the gastrocnemius. They should be treated with the necessary precaution since a failed treatment can postpone an athlete’s return to the field for weeks or even months and increase the risk of re-injury.

What are muscle injuries?
A muscle strain, or pulled muscle, occurs when your muscle is overstretched or torn. This usually occurs as a result of fatigue, overuse, or improper use of a muscle. Strains can happen in any muscle, but they’re most common in your lower back, neck, shoulder, and hamstring, which is the muscle behind your thigh.
What are 3 types of muscle injuries?
There are a number of types of muscle injury that can occur: laceration, contusion, degenerative diseases (eg Muscular Dystrophies), and strain.
What is a muscle laceration?
Thankfully, muscle laceration is the least common muscle injury. All lacerations, no matter how deep and severe, will develop scar tissue as a part of the natural healing process. Because muscle is a complex, fibrous tissue, healing usually takes a long time.
What are muscle contusions?
lateral view of the foot with bruise or contusion

Contusions occur when a direct blow or repeated blows by a blunt object strike part of the body, crushing underlying muscle fibers and connective tissue without breaking the skin. A contusion can result from falling or jamming the body against a hard surface. Plus, a muscle contusion or muscle bruise is an injury to the soft tissue (muscle fibers, connective tissue, and/or blood vessels and nerves) of the upper leg. The most commonly involved muscle is the quadriceps. The muscle contusion may be accompanied by bone contusion (bruise) or even a fracture (broken bone).
A muscle contusion or muscle bruise is an injury to the soft tissue (muscle fibers, connective tissue, and/or blood vessels and nerves) of the upper leg. The most commonly involved muscle is the quadriceps. The muscle contusion may be accompanied by bone contusion (bruise) or even a fracture (broken bone).
How long does a contusion lump last?
Depending on the cause, it can take anywhere from 1 to 4 weeks for a hematoma to go away. Bruises and hematomas commonly get confused with each other. A bruise happens when capillaries get damaged due to trauma and the blood seeps into the top layer of your skin, causing discoloration.
How do you diagnose a muscle contusion?
A complete physical examination will determine the exact location and extent of the injury. Your child’s doctor can tell you if they feel a gap within the muscle indicating a possible tear. X-rays of the bone are often taken to rule a fracture (broken bone) or other conditions.
Contusions on your muscle or skin tissue
  • discolored skin that looks red, green, purple, blue, or black.
  • a small bump over the area in some cases.
  • pain that’s usually worse when pressure is applied to the area.
Is a contusion serious?
Organ contusions damage the blood vessels and other soft tissue in organs. These injuries are dangerous, and they can be life-threatening. This is because they may interfere with the functioning of the organ. People with organ contusions may require hospitalization.
Is a contusion a soft tissue injury?
A contusion (bruise) is an injury to the soft tissue often produced by a blunt force, such as a kick, fall, or blow. The result will be pain, swelling, and discoloration because of bleeding into the tissue.
How do you treat a deep bruise?
  1. Rest the bruised area, if possible.
  2. Ice the bruise with an ice pack wrapped in a towel. Leave it in place for 10 to 20 minutes. Repeat several times a day for a day or two as needed.
  3. Compress the bruised area if it is swelling, using an elastic bandage. Don’t make it too tight.
  4. Elevate the injured area.

Is a contusion the same as a hematoma?

A bruise, also known as a contusion, typically appears on the skin after trauma such as a blow to the body. It occurs when the small veins and capillaries under the skin break. A hematoma is a collection (or pooling) of blood outside the blood vessel.

Muscle Injuries & Degenerative Diseases

How do you get the degenerative disease?
Degenerative disease is the result of a continuous process based on degenerative cell changes, affecting tissues or organs, which will increasingly deteriorate over time. In neurodegenerative diseases, cells of the central nervous system stop working or die via neurodegeneration.
What is muscular degenerative disease?
A muscular dystrophy is a group of diseases that cause progressive weakness and loss of muscle mass. In muscular dystrophy, abnormal genes (mutations) interfere with the production of proteins needed to form healthy muscle .
What causes degenerative muscle disease?

Image result for define Muscle injuries degenerative diseases

Lack of physical activity due to an injury or illness, poor nutrition, genetics, and certain medical conditions can all contribute to muscle atrophy. Muscle atrophy can occur after long periods of inactivity. If a muscle does not get any use, the body will eventually break it down to conserve energy.
What are muscular diseases?
Common primary diseases of the muscular system include inflammatory myopathies, such as polymyositis and dermatomyositis, muscular dystrophy, myasthenia gravis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, rhabdomyolysis, and cardiomyopathy, among others.
What is the most common degenerative disease?
Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson‘s disease are the most common neurodegenerative diseases.
What disease makes your muscles deteriorate?
A muscular dystrophy is a group of inherited diseases characterized by weakness and wasting away of muscle tissue, with or without the breakdown of nerve tissue.
What is the most common neuromuscular disease?
The most common of these diseases is myasthenia gravis, an autoimmune disease where the immune system produces antibodies that attach themselves to the neuromuscular junction and prevent transmission of the nerve impulse to the muscle.
How long can you live with degenerative nerve disease?
The average life expectancy from the time of diagnosis is 3 years. Twenty percent of those affected may live 5 years, and an additional 10% may survive 10 years.
What are examples of degenerative diseases?
A disease in which the function or structure of the affected tissues or organs changes for the worse over time. Osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, and Alzheimer’s disease are examples.
Does degenerative disease mean death?
A degenerative disease is defined as a disease characterized by a worsening condition due to the deterioration of the function and structure of the affected body part, thus causing disability, mortality, and morbidity, which could be premature.
Why does it feel like my muscles are deteriorating?
Muscle weakness is commonly due to lack of exercise, aging, muscle injury, or pregnancy. It can also occur with long-term conditions such as diabetes or heart disease. There are many other possible causes, which include stroke, multiple sclerosis, depression, fibromyalgia, and chronic fatigue syndrome (ME).
What is a degenerative brain disorder?
Degenerative brain diseases are caused by the decline and death of nerve cells called neurons. These diseases are progressive, meaning that the condition worsens over time as greater numbers of neurons in the brain die.

Benefits of Massage for Muscle Injuries

Massage can help a range of injuries including sprains, strains, broken bones, and muscles tears. Using a variety of massage techniques, massage can stretch out tightness and loosen scar tissue. Using massage as part of injury rehabilitation can increase the healing rate and shorten recovery time.

Is it good to massage an injured muscle?
Massage. Therapeutic massage helps loosen tight muscles and increase blood flow to help heal damaged tissues. Applying pressure to the injured muscle tissue also helps remove excess fluid and cellular waste products. A 2012 study found that massage immediately following an injury may even speed strained muscle healing.
Does massage help repair muscle?
A sports massage doesn’t just feel good. Massage has been shown to improve blood flow, decrease inflammation and help muscles recover after intense exercise, but it also helps muscles grow.
How often should you massage a muscle injury?
In most cases, after an injury, your therapist may recommend massage once or twice a week throughout your recovery. If you have a chronic health condition, once a week or bi-weekly is typically recommended but this also depends on how your body feels.
Is deep tissue massage good for strained muscles?
Deep tissue massage uses more pressure than a Swedish massage. It’s a good option if you have chronic muscle problems, such as soreness, injury, or imbalance. It can help relieve tight muscles, chronic muscle pain, and anxiety.
Do massage guns speed up recovery?
Massage guns can be effective at speeding up recovery times and relieving muscle tension, which can be particularly useful after a run or workout. They can benefit us the best when used in conjunction with professional massage therapy.
Can you massage inflamed muscles?
The results confirm that massage therapy can reduce inflammation, if administered correctly through professional massage therapists, however, you may find that simply performing light exercise will reduce inflammation more effectively.
What is the best massage for muscle recovery?
The most beneficial massage for an athlete is a deep tissue massage, such as the Athlete Recovery massage and the Sports/Therapeutic Massage. It is typically performed prior to an athletic event to help warm up the body and assist with the prevention of injuries.
How long do massage benefits last?
Generally speaking, you may feel sore for a couple of days after the massage, which is normal. Beyond that, the benefits may last a couple of days to an entire week. There are some things you can do to help the relaxing, stress-relieving benefits last for as long as possible.
What are the side effects of a deep tissue massage?
Most Common Side Effects
  • Lingering Pain. Due to the pressurized techniques used in a deep tissue massage, some people have suffered from some version of pain during and/or after their therapy session. …
  • Headaches/Migraines. …
  • Fatigue or Sleepiness. …
  • Inflammation. …
  • Nausea.
How can I speed up muscle recovery?
  1. Drink a lot of water. Hydrating after a workout is key to recovery. …
  2. Get enough sleep. Getting proper rest is easily one of the most effective ways to recover from any form or degree of physical exertion. …
  3. Eat nutritious food. …
  4. Massage.
How do muscle tears heal?
  1. Protect the strained muscle from further injury.
  2. Rest the strained muscle. …
  3. Ice the muscle area (20 minutes every hour while awake). …
  4. Compression can be gently applied with an Ace or other elastic bandage, which can both provide support and decrease swelling. …
  5. Elevate the injured area to decrease swelling


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*Disclaimer: This information is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease without consulting with a qualified healthcare provider.
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