Low Testosterone Syndrome & Steroid Facts. Is T Supplementation Safe? Post 1

As guys get older their testosterone levels decrease. As an athlete, LMT, and the kind of deep injury bodywork I do with athletes, I wanted to research this topic. My research is ongoing because of the complexity and wealth of information available.

Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doping_in_sport

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_drugs_banned_by_WADA

https://www.dea.gov/drug-information/drug-scheduling

https://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/schedules/

https://www.ebmud.com/files/8914/3205/7862/common_controlled_alphabetically.pdf

STEROIDS – A COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE.

https://www.steroid.com/

https://www.exchangesupplies.org/shopsect_steroids.php

Steroids & Addiction: Your Guide to the Risks and Myths

 

A healthy heart pumps blood to the rest of the body, providing muscles and organs with the oxygen needed for peak performance. Testosterone helps red blood cell production through the bone marrow. Low testosterone levels are linked to a variety of cardiovascular risks.

But can testosterone replacement therapy help with heart disease? Study resultsTrusted Sources are mixed. Small studies in the early 2000s found that men with heart disease who underwent testosterone therapy saw only slight improvements. Some were able to increase their walking distance by 33 percent. Another study found that hormone therapy only widened healthy arteries but had no effect on angina pain.

A more recent, larger study of 83,000 men found that men whose testosterone levels returned to normal were 24 percent less likely to have a heart attack and 36 percent less likely to experience a stroke.

What are the 3 types of steroids?
The major classes of steroid hormones, as noted above (with their prominent members and functions), are the Progestogen, Corticosteroids (corticoids), Androgens, and Estrogens.

Progesterone (P4) is an endogenous steroid and progestogen sex hormone involved in the menstrual cyclepregnancy, and embryogenesis of humans and other species.[1][13] It belongs to a group of steroid hormones called the progestogens,[13] and is the major progestogen in the body. Progesterone has a variety of important functions in the body. It is also a crucial metabolic intermediate in the production of other endogenous steroids, including the sex hormones and the corticosteroids, and plays an important role in brain function as a neurosteroid.[14]

In addition to its role as a natural hormone, progesterone is also used as a medication, such as in combination with estrogen for contraception, to reduce the risk of uterine or cervical cancer, in hormone replacement therapy, and in feminizing hormone therapy.[15] It was first prescribed in 1934.[16]

Is progesterone a steroid?
Progesterone is a steroid hormone primarily secreted by the granulosa cells and the corpus luteum in the ovary. During pregnancy, a major source of progesterone also comes from the placenta. Males also produce progesterone in the adrenal gland and testes, as this is a precursor of testosterone.
What is the main function of progesterone?
Progesterone is a hormone released by the corpus luteum in the ovary. It plays important role in the menstrual cycle and in maintaining the early stages of pregnancy. It may also be involved in the growth of certain cancers.
What are the benefits of taking progesterone?
  • Eases anxiety.
  • Promotes memory.
  • Helps to prevent overgrowth of certain types of cells, which can help protect against some cancers including those of the breast or the uterus.
  • Helps to prevent overgrowth of cells of the endometrial lining and prevent endometriosis from forming.
What happens when you take progesterone?
Medications like progesterone may cause abnormal blood clotting. This may cut off the blood supply to the brain, heart, lungs, or eyes and cause serious problems. Call your doctor if you experience any of the symptoms listed above as serious side effects. Talk to your doctor about the risks of taking this medication.
What is normal progesterone?

Progesterone level (ng/mL)

Normal levels are less than 0.20 ng/mL. Keep in mind that results can vary between laboratories. If you’re unsure about your test results, contact your healthcare provider.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corticosteroid

Corticosteroids are a class of steroid hormones that are produced in the adrenal cortex of vertebrates, as well as the synthetic analogues of these hormones. Two main classes of corticosteroids, glucocorticoids, and mineralocorticoids, are involved in a wide range of physiological processes, including stress responseimmune response, and regulation of inflammationcarbohydrate metabolismprotein catabolism, blood electrolyte levels, and behavior.[1]

Some common naturally occurring steroid hormones are cortisol (C
21H
30O
5
), corticosterone (C
21H
30O
4
), cortisone (C
21H
28O
5
) and aldosterone (C
21H
28O
5
). (Note that cortisone and aldosterone are isomers.) The main corticosteroids produced by the adrenal cortex are cortisol and aldosterone.[2]

An androgen (from Greek and-, the stem of the word meaning “man”) is any natural or synthetic steroid hormone that regulates the development and maintenance of male characteristics in vertebrates by binding to androgen receptors.[1] This includes the embryological development of the primary male sex organs and the development of male secondary sex characteristics at puberty. Androgens are synthesized in the testes, the ovaries, and the adrenal glands.

Androgens increase in both males and females during puberty.[2] The major androgen in males is testosterone.[3] Dihydrotestosterone(DHT) androstenedione are of equal importance in male development.[3] DHT in utero causes differentiation of the penis, scrotum, and prostate. In adulthood, DHT contributes to balding, prostate growth, and sebaceous gland activity.

Although androgens are commonly thought of only as male sex hormones, females also have them, but at lower levels: they function in libido and sexual arousal. Also, androgens are the precursors to estrogens in both men and women.

In addition to their role as natural hormones, androgens are used as medications; for information on androgens as medications, see the androgen replacement therapy and anabolic steroid articles.

Brain

Circulating levels of androgens can influence human behavior because some neurons are sensitive to steroid hormones. Androgen levels have been implicated in the regulation of human aggression and libido. Indeed, androgens are capable of altering the structure of the brain in several species, including mice, rats, and primates, producing sex differences.[12]

Numerous reports have shown androgens alone are capable of altering the structure of the brain,[13] but identification of which alterations in neuroanatomy stem from androgens or estrogens is difficult, because of their potential for conversion.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Estrogen

Estrogen or oestrogen, is a category of sex hormone responsible for the development and regulation of the female reproductive system and secondary sex characteristics. There are three major endogenous estrogens that have estrogenic hormonal activity: estrone (E1), estradiol (E2), and estriol (E3). Estradiol, an estrane, is the most potent and prevalent. Another estrogen called estetrol (E4) is produced only during pregnancy.

Estrogens are synthesized in all vertebrates[1] and some insects.[2] Their presence in both vertebrates and insects suggests that estrogenic sex hormones have an ancient evolutionary history. Quantitatively, estrogens circulate at lower levels than androgens in both men and women.[3] While estrogen levels are significantly lower in males than in females, estrogens nevertheless have important physiological roles in males.[4]

Like all steroid hormones, estrogens readily diffuse across the cell membrane. Once inside the cell, they bind to and activate estrogen receptors (ERs) which in turn modulate the expression of many genes.[5] Additionally, estrogens bind to and activate rapid-signaling membrane estrogen receptors (mERs),[6][7] such as GPER (GPR30).[8]

In addition to their role as natural hormones, estrogens are used as medications, for instance in menopausal hormone therapyhormonal birth control, and feminizing hormone therapy for transgender women and nonbinary people.

What’s the best steroid for bulking?
They include:
  • Fluoxymesterone (Halotestin), or “Halo”
  • Mesterolone (Proviron)
  • Methandienone (Dianabol), or “Dbol”
  • Methyltestosterone (Virilon)
  • Mibolerone (Cheque)
  • Oxandrolone (Anavar, Oxandrin), or “Var”
  • Oxymetholone (Anadrol), or “Drol”
  • Stanozolol (Winstrol), or “Winny”
What is the best steroid for stamina?
performance steroids for strength and endurance.

They include:
  • Fluoxymesterone (Halotestin), or “Halo”
  • Mesterolone (Proviron)
  • Methandienone (Dianabol), or “Dbol”
  • Methyltestosterone (Virilon)
  • Mibolerone (Cheque)
  • Oxandrolone (Anavar, Oxandrin), or “Var”
  • Oxymetholone (Anadrol), or “Drol”
  • Stanozolol (Winstrol), or “Winny”
What is the best injectable testosterone?
Popular brands of testosterone injections include:
  • Depo-Testosterone (testosterone cypionate)
  • Delatestryl (testosterone enanthate)
  • Aveed (testosterone undecanoate)
  • Testopel (testosterone pellet)
  • Ditate-DS (testosterone enanthate)
  • Depo-Testadiol (estradiol cypionate; testosterone cypionate)
Dimethyltrienolone (developmental code name RU-2420) is a synthetic, orally active, and extremely potent anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) and 17α-alkylated 19-nortestosterone (nandrolone) derivative which was never marketed for medical use.
** When bulking, Dimethyltrienolone stacks well with powerful mass-building compounds like testosterone, Deca-Durabolin, Halotestin, Equipoise, and Trenbolone. However, due to its Anavar-like properties, Dimethyltrienolone makes an even better cutting cycle compound combining well with cocktail ingredients like Winstrol, Trenbolone, Masteron, Primobolan, Oral Turinabol, and testosterone propionate.
Which is the best steroid?
Without a prescription from a doctor, steroids are illegal. There are many different kinds of steroids. Here’s a list of some of the most common anabolic steroids taken today: Anadrol, Oxandrin, Dianabol, Winstrol, Deca-Durabolin, and equipoise.
What is the most powerful oral steroid?
The most powerful steroid in a best-bulking cycle is d-bal. This steroid is respected the world over by fitness enthusiasts.
Do you keep strength gains from steroids?
“Anabolic steroids produce a permanent increase in users’ capacity for muscle development. In keeping with this, studies show that mice given testosterone acquire new myonuclei that persist long after the steroid use ends.”

Free Testosterone

Testosterone is produced by the adrenal cortex, the testes in men, and the ovaries in women. When it is bound to protein in the blood it is called total testosterone. Testosterone that is not bound to proteins is called free testosterone and is the biologically active form of the hormone. Testing can help identify whether you have low testosterone levels, normal testosterone levels, or high testosterone levels.

Fact: Low testosterone can affect your appearance. Testosterone plays a critical role in developing muscle bulk. Studies say lack of this male hormone may cause decreased muscle mass and decreased facial hair growth. “Low T” can also lead to increased body fat and over-developed breasts in men.

Male hypogonadism is a condition in which the body doesn’t produce enough of the hormone that plays a key role in masculine growth and development during puberty (testosterone) or enough sperm or both. You can be born with male hypogonadism, or it can develop later in life, often from injury or infection.

 Low Testosterone

It is possible for athletes to over-train and causes a drop in levels of testosterone. Endocrinologist Dr. Dolores Shoback looks at low T and explores testosterone supplementation. Recorded on 03/07/2018

How do I test my testosterone level?
Low testosterone, or low T, is diagnosed when levels fall below 300 nanograms per deciliter (ng/dL). A normal range is typically 300 to 1,000 ng/dL, according to the Food and Drug Administration. A blood test called a serum testosterone test is used to determine your level of circulating testosterone.

What is normal testosterone by age?
Typical testosterone levels
Age Male (in ng/dl) Female (in ng/dl)
17 to 18 years 300-1,200 20-75
19 years and older 240-950 8-60
At what level should  Low Testosterone be treated?
The general target level for testosterone ranges from 350 to 750 ng/dL, which is roughly the range for healthy, androgen-sufficient adult men. Testosterone levels should be monitored 3 to 6 months after initiation of treatment.
Is high testosterone good?

Better libido

Men with higher levels of testosterone usually have greater sexual activity. Older men need more testosterone for libido and erectile function. But it’s important to note that erectile dysfunction is often due to other conditions or medications rather than low testosterone levels.

Is 400 a good testosterone level?

Men with testosterone levels between 200 and 400 ng/dL are borderline and should have additional testing before considering therapy, and men with levels above 400 ng/dL don’t need further tests or therapy.

Is 500 a good testosterone level?
A 2015 study in JAMA found that sex drive improved among men who went from about 230, considered low, to 500, around the middle of what’s considered normal. There was no difference among men who moved within the normal range from 300 to 500. Testosterone does influence muscle size.
Is 1000 testosterone too high?
Normal testosterone levels in men range from about 300 to 1,000 nanograms per deciliter of blood. Going from one number within the normal zone to another one may not pack much of a punch.
Is 1200 testosterone too high?
The normal range for testosterone will vary between laboratories but is generally accepted to fall between 400-1,200 ng/dL.
What does high testosterone do to a man?
High testosterone in males and females can cause a variety of symptoms, including excessive facial and body hair, aggression, and infertility. In males, high testosterone is most frequently due to anabolic steroid use or testosterone supplementation.
Can too much testosterone make you angry?
Gerald Lincoln found that contrary to popular belief, low testosterone, was the cause of most male irritability. High levels of testosterone also produced anger and rage in men but were rare, only common in male athletes who used anabolic steroids to increase muscle mass.
Can too much testosterone cause weight gain?
An enlarged clitoris and smaller breast size. Menstrual irregularities are another sign of high levels of testosterone. And if you put on pounds super easily, you might want to get your testosterone levels checked: elevated testosterone contributes to weight gain.
Can high testosterone cause anxiety?
The results of a study published in the Journal of Affective Disorders suggest that higher serum total testosterone in men and androstenedione in young men may increase the risk for anxiety disorders.
Does TRT shorten your life?
The cardiovascular issues associated with TRT have been clarified by recent studies showing that therapy associated with clear increases in serum testosterone levels to the normal range is associated with reduced all-cause mortality.
Does higher testosterone mean more sperm?
Sperm production is actually stimulated by hormones other than testosterone. Testosterone is required for sperm production, but the level in the testes where sperm are produced is many times higher than in the blood. Even men with low or borderline T levels may have sufficient T levels for sperm production.
At what age does testosterone drop?
In some men, testosterone levels remain high throughout life, but in most, they begin to decline at about age 40. Unlike the precipitous drop in hormones that women experience at menopause, however, the decline in men is gradual, averaging just over 1% a year.
What happens when a man’s testosterone is low?
If a male has a low level of testosterone, the symptoms can include erectile dysfunction, and reduced bone mass and sex drive. The hormone has many important functions, including the development of the bones and muscles. the deepening of the voice, hair growth, and other factors related to appearance.
What are the signs of low testosterone in a man?
Specific Signs/Symptoms of Testosterone Deficiency (TD)
  • Reduced sex drive.
  • Reduced erectile function.
  • Loss of body hair.
  • Less beard growth.
  • Loss of lean muscle mass.
  • Feeling very tired all the time (fatigue)
  • Obesity (being overweight)
  • Symptoms of depression.
  • Low Testosterone
    Low Testosterone
What is the main cause of low testosterone?
There are many other potential causes of low testosterone, including the following: Injury (trauma, interrupted blood supply to the testes) or infection of the testes (orchitis) Chemotherapy for cancer. Metabolic disorders such as hemochromatosis (too much iron in the body).
How do you fix low testosterone?
Testosterone deficiency can be treated by:
  1. Intramuscular injections, given anywhere from two to 10 weeks apart. 

What time of day is best to inject testosterone?
Serum testosterone concentrations are diurnal (of or during the day). In young men, the concentrations are highest in the morning. Older men tend to have similar but blunted patterns. Clinicians should draw serum testosterone levels between 8:00 am and 11:00 am.
  1. Testosterone gel applied to the skin or inside the nose. AndroGel is one of the most-used medical products to treat Low T. The blockbuster gel is prescribed as a testosterone-replacement drug, mostly to men whose bodies fail to produce sufficient amounts of the male hormone.
  2. Mucoadhesive material applied above the teeth twice a day.
  3. Long-acting subcutaneous pellet.
  4. Testosterone stick (apply like underarm deodorant)
Do testosterone pills really work?
Testosterone boosters can help increase a person’s testosterone levels. However, their effectiveness will vary based on the type of booster and a person’s reasons for taking them. Testosterone therapy appears to benefit people with conditions such as hypogonadism.
How can I test my testosterone levels at home?
Testosterone home testing kits are widely available from several companies, such as LetsGetChecked ($69), EverlyWell ($49), and Progene. They use your blood or saliva to test your hormone levels. After taking the test, you’ll send your sample to a laboratory for testing.
How much does a testosterone test cost?
The cost of a testosterone test depends on a number of factors—like whether you’re getting tested at a clinic or at home. If you get tested at a clinic or lab, prices can range from about $80 to several hundred dollars. 
Are home testosterone tests accurate?
“The test for total testosterone is not a terrifically reliable test,” Dr. Morgentaler says. For one thing, total testosterone fluctuates quite a bit during the day. Testosterone levels are highest in the morning, although this effect is less pronounced in older men.
Which testosterone test is best?
Total testosterone (T) measurement is a good initial diagnostic test in the evaluation of hypogonadism, but it has its limitations. Reserve use of free T for patients whose total T is between 150 and 350 ng/dL, or in obese or older men whose total T may be erroneously low.
How can I get my testosterone levels checked?
A blood test called a serum testosterone test is used to determine your level of circulating testosterone. A range of symptoms can occur if testosterone production drastically drops below normal.
Is high testosterone bad?
It is important to seek help for high testosterone because, without treatment, it can increase the risk of heart and liver problems and other serious conditions. A 2020 study suggests that high testosterone can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, PCOS, breast cancer, and endometrial cancer in females. Abnormally high testosterone levels are also known as hypergonadism. If you are male, your doctor may consider your testosterone levels too high if the total testosterone level is above 950 ng/dL. Free testosterone level is above 30 ng/dL.
When should testosterone levels be checked?
Testosterone levels should be monitored 3 to 6 months after initiation of treatment. Patients receiving the intramuscular testosterone enanthate or cypionate should have levels checked midway between injections, and levels should be checked 3 to 12 hours after application in the case of transdermal patches.

What happens if low testosterone goes untreated?
If left untreated, low testosterone can contribute to low bone density or heart disease risk. But it doesn’t have to — low testosterone is relatively easy to treat. The goal of your treatment plan will be to get your testosterone levels back into the normal range.
How can I raise my testosterone levels naturally?
Here are 8 evidence-based ways to increase testosterone levels naturally.
  1. Exercise and Lift Weights. …
  2. Eat Protein, Fat, and Carbs. …
  3. Minimize Stress and Cortisol Levels. …
  4. Get Some Sun or Take a Vitamin D Supplement. …
  5. Take Vitamin and Mineral Supplements. …
  6. Get Plenty of Restful, High-Quality Sleep.
What is the best testosterone booster?
Here are 8 of the best testosterone boosting supplements.
  1. D-Aspartic Acid. D-Aspartic acid is a natural amino acid that can boost low testosterone levels. …
  2. Vitamin D. Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that your body produces upon exposure to sunlight. …
  3. Tribulus Terrestris. …
  4. Fenugreek. …
  5. Ginger. …
  6. DHEA. …
  7. Zinc. …
  8. Ashwagandha.
Does testosterone increase size?
Testosterone is responsible for increased muscle mass. Leaner body mass helps control weight and increases energy. For men with low testosterone, studies show that treatment can decrease fat mass and increase muscle size and strength. Some men reported a change in lean body mass but no increase in strength.
Does lifting weights increase testosterone?
“Research has shown that lifting heavier weights is the best form of exercise to boost testosterone,” says Dr. Jadick. “As muscle mass increases, it will trigger the body to produce more testosterone.”
Does low testosterone cause weight gain?
Many studies show have found that men with Low T have a higher percentage of body fat than those with higher testosterone. But scientists have also found that Low T isn’t the only reason men gain weight. Obesity has been linked to lower-than-normal levels of testosterone.
What can a man eat to increase testosterone?
  1. Tuna. Tuna is rich in vitamin D, which has been linked to a longer life and testosterone production. …
  2. Low-fat milk with vitamin D. Milk is a great source of protein and calcium. …
  3. Egg yolks. …
  4. Fortified cereals. …
  5. Oysters. …
  6. Shellfish. …
  7. Beef. …
  8. Beans.
Natural ways to increase your testosterone levels

Some foods, vitamins, and herbs can help boost your testosterone levels. Be sure to talk to your doctor, if you’re concerned about low testosterone. These alternative and natural treatments aren’t proven to be more, or as, effective as traditional testosterone therapy. Some may also interact with any medications you may be taking and cause unintended side effects.

Herbs Vitamins and supplements Foods
Malaysian ginseng vitamin D garlic
puncturevine dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) tuna
ashwagandha L-arginine egg yolks
pine bark extract zinc oysters
yohimbe
saw palmetto

Yohimbe is the name of an evergreen tree found in parts of central and western Africa. The bark of Yohimbe contains a chemical called yohimbine, which is used to make medicine. Yohimbine hydrochloride (Aphrodyne, Yocon) is a form of yohimbine that is a prescription drug in the US.

Yohimbe supplements often list Yohimbe bark extract or yohimbine as the active ingredient. However, some of these products might not provide accurate information about the amount of yohimbine in the supplement. Also, some Yohimbe supplements list yohimbine hydrochloride as an active ingredient. Yohimbe products containing man-made yohimbine hydrochloride as an ingredient are not legal to sell as a dietary supplement in the US.

https://www.livestrong.com/article/206041-what-is-a-safe-dose-for-yohimbe/

Yohimbe is most commonly used for its hallucinogenic effects. It is also used for sexual problems, to boost mood, for athletic performance, and other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support any use.

No quality research exists on Yohimbe bark, so safe and effective dosages are not clearly established, according to eMedTV. The website suggests beginning with the lowest dosage recommended on the product label. If you experience side effects, you may want to reduce the dosage. If the product does not work effectively, you can increase the dosage, but not more than advised on the label. The usual dose of the drug yohimbine is 15 to 30 mg daily in divided doses, according to the Swedish Medical Center. Some people experience optimal effectiveness at much lower doses, even as low as 5 mg daily. Taking a higher dose of Yohimbe does not necessarily produce better effectiveness, and some individuals will not experience significant benefits for up to three weeks of treatment.

Warning

Yohimbe bark extract can cause many side effects, as noted by the U.S. National Institutes of Health on its MedlinePlus website. They include skin flushing, decreased appetite, dizziness, headache, irritability, nervousness, and insomnia. High doses of the chemical yohimbine can cause serious side effects, some of which could occur if you take too much Yohimbe. This is much less likely than it is with the prescription drug since the yohimbine content of Yohimbe bark extract is generally low. High doses of yohimbine can lead to breathing difficulty, muscle aches, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, painful urination, genital pain, anxiety, agitation, and tremors.

How does it work?

Yohimbe contains a chemical called yohimbine which can increase blood flow and nerve impulses to the penis or vagina. It also helps counteract the sexual side effects of certain medications used for depression.
How long does it take to increase testosterone naturally?
Most men feel improvement in symptoms within four to six weeks of taking testosterone replacement therapy, although changes like increases in muscle mass may take from three to six months.
What food kills testosterone?
People worried about their testosterone levels might choose to avoid the following foods.
  • Soy products. Soy foods, such as tofu, edamame, and soy protein isolates, contain phytoestrogens. …
  • Dairy products. …
  • Alcohol. …
  • Mint. …
  • Bread, pastries, and desserts. …
  • Licorice root. …
  • Certain fats.
What testosterone booster is the best?
  • TestoPrime – Strongest Testosterone Booster. A 100% natural, safe, and effective daily testosterone supplement. …
  • Testogen – Ideal for Men Over 40. …
  • Testo-Max – Best for Muscle Growth. …
  • Prime Male – Best Customer Service. …
  • TestRX – Helps Improve Libido.
What time is testosterone highest?
Testosterone levels are highest in the morning, although this effect is less pronounced in older men. To get the best result, physicians generally draw blood for testosterone lab tests between 7 a.m. and 10 a.m. After measuring your testosterone, your doctor must determine if it is in the normal range.
At what age is testosterone highest?
In most young men, testosterone production reaches its maximum at about age 17, and levels remain high for the next two to three decades. On average, healthy young men produce about six milligrams of testosterone a day.

Testosterone Therapy in Females

https://youtu.be/Hh4QWA7CpRI

Clenbuterol

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/319927

Clenbuterol is a steroid-like chemical that was initially developed to treat asthma in horses, working by relaxing the airways in the animals’ lungs.

Clenbuterol stimulates both the heart and central nervous system. It has a similar effect on the body as epinephrine and amphetamines.

It is also a beta-2-agonist, which is the opposite of a beta-blocker. While a beta-blocker will reduce the production of epinephrine and noradrenaline, clenbuterol increases it.

This increase will lead to a variety of effects, such as:

  • rapid fat burning
  • excitability
  • nervousness
  • increased energy
  • greater determination

Also, clenbuterol contains dopamine, which is commonly known as the reward hormone. Dopamine is closely associated with addiction. As such, clenbuterol can be highly addictive.

In many countries, clenbuterol is banned from being used in animals that will be consumed by humans.

In 1994, 140 people in Spain were hospitalized after eating meat tainted by clenbuterol. Similarly, in 2006, 336 people in China were poisoned after eating pork that contained it.

Clenbuterol can reduce the amount of potassium naturally occurring in the body. Consequently, those taking it as a drug will often also eat an increased amount of bananas to replace the potassium.

Athletes will often accompany the taking of clenbuterol alongside a diet that is high in protein, moderate in carbohydrates, and low in fat.

What does clenbuterol do to your body?
Clenbuterol is a potent, long-lasting bronchodilator that is prescribed for human use outside of the United States. It is abused generally by bodybuilders and athletes for its ability to increase lean muscle mass and reduce body fat (i.e., repartitioning effects).

The use of Clenbuterol among ladies has turned out to be trending well known as of recently. Big-name news stories and magazines specify it as a medication utilized for weight reduction by those in Hollywood. Along these lines, numerous ladies around the globe are taking a gander at it regardless of whether this supplement is alright for them to utilize.

It is known to be a stimulant to the body’s sensory system, which can be powerful in a weight reduction cycle.

In a few nations, individuals have endorsed the supplement for asthma.

Yixin Anavar 

http://oncologyforwomen.org/health-library/hw-view.php?DOCHWID=d00566a1

https://www.news9.com/story/5e987639cc9ea5695635cd2e/anavar-for-women:-the-effects-of-oxandrolone-for-weight-loss

10 Things You Have In Common With Anavar For Women

GENERIC NAME(S): OXANDROLONE – brand names  Oxandrin. Oxandrolone is classified as a controlled substance under the Anabolic Steroids Control Act of 1990 and has been assigned to Schedule III.

Is 20 mg of Anavar a day enough?
The daily adult dosage is 2.5 mg to 20 mg given in 2 to 4 divided doses. The desired response may be achieved with as little as 2.5 mg or as much as 20 mg daily. A course of therapy of 2 to 4 weeks is usually adequate. A Female body builder on YouTube recommends 10 mg and day for a year. She did up to 30 mg 3 times a day. Is a women prone to acne…will enhance that? She had a decrease in body fat and water retension. Eat good. Get liver tested, increase in blood pressure

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oxandrolone

This medication is used to help people regain the weight they have lost due to certain medical conditions (such as surgery, chronic infection, trauma, long-term use of corticosteroid medication such as hydrocortisone/prednisone). It is also used to relieve bone pain due to bone loss (osteoporosis). Oxandrolone belongs to a class of drugs known as anabolic steroids. These drugs are similar to male hormones made by the body. Take this medication by mouth usually 2 to 4 times daily or as directed by your doctor.

What schedule is Anavar?
Anavar is a DEA Schedule III controlled substance. Substances in the DEA Schedule III have a potential for abuse less than substances in Schedules I or II and abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.

Oxandrolone, sold under the brand names Oxandrin and Anavar, among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication that is used to help promote weight gain in various situations, to help offset protein catabolism caused by long-term corticosteroid therapy, to support recovery from severe burns, to treat bone pain associated with osteoporosis, to aid in the development of girls with Turner syndrome, and for other indications.[4][5][6] It is taken by mouth.[4]

Side effects of oxandrolone include symptoms of masculinization such as acneincreased hair growthvoice changes, and increased sexual desire.[4] The drug is a synthetic androgen and anabolic steroid hence is an agonist of the androgen receptor (AR), the biological target of androgens such as testosterone and dihydrotestosterone.[4][7] It has strong anabolic effects and weak androgenic effects, which give it a mild side effect profile and make it especially suitable for use in women.[4]

Oxandrolone was first described in 1962 and was introduced for medical use in 1964.[4] It is used mostly in the United States.[4][8] In addition to its medical use, oxandrolone is used to improve physique and performance.[4][9] The drug is a controlled substance in many countries, so nonmedical use is generally illicit.[4][10][11][12]

Many bodybuilders and athletes use oxandrolone for its muscle-building effects.[4] It is much more anabolic than androgenic, so women and those seeking less intense steroid regimens use it particularly often.[4] Many also value oxandrolone’s low hepatotoxicity relative to most other orally active AAS.[4]

Powerlifters have also been known to take oxandrolone, due to its ability to significantly increase muscular strength.[19]

What does Anavar do to the body?
Oxandrolone, sold under the brand names Oxandrin and Anavar, among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication that is used to help promote weight gain in various situations, to help offset protein catabolism caused by long-term corticosteroid therapy, to support recovery from severe burns, to treat …
How bad is Anavar for you?
warning. Rarely, this drug has caused serious, sometimes fatal liver problems including liver failure, liver cysts, and liver tumors. Tell your doctor promptly if you have any signs of liver problems such as yellowing eyes/skin, dark urine, unusual tiredness, or sudden/persistent stomach/abdominal pain.
Does Anavar affect your kidneys?
microscopic blood-filled cavities in the liver. liver problems. nephrotic syndrome, a type of kidney disorder. decreased kidney function.
How long does Anavar stay in your urine?
If taken orally, steroids can show up in a urine test for up to 14 days. If injected, steroids can show up for up to 1 month.
What is similar to Anavar?
The title “Legal Steroids / Natural Alternative to Anabolic Anavar” is definitely the right title, and a very accurate product description, creating high expectations among the public and not by accident.

Specifically, Anvarol may form a stack with the following supplements:
  • Winsol.
  • Trenorol.
  • Clenbutrol.

Metenolone Enanthate –  Primobolan – PRIMO

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metenolone_enanthate

Metenolone enanthate, or methenolone enanthate, sold under the brand names Primobolan Depot and Nibal Injection, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication that is used mainly in the treatment of anemia due to bone marrow failure.[2][3][4][5][6][7] It is given by injection into muscle.[6] Although it was widely used in the past, the drug has mostly been discontinued and hence is now mostly only available on the black market. [5][6][3] A related drug, metenolone acetate, is taken by mouth.[6]

Side effects of metenolone enanthate include symptoms of masculinization like acneincreased hair growthvoice changes, and increased sexual desire.[6] The drug is a synthetic androgen and anabolic steroid and hence is an agonist of the androgen receptor (AR), the biological target of androgens like testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT).[6][8] It has moderate anabolic effects and weak androgenic effects, as well as no estrogenic effects or risk of liver damage.[6][8] Metenolone enanthate is a metenolone ester and a long-lasting prodrug of metenolone in the body.[6]

Metenolone enanthate was introduced for medical use in 1962.[6] In addition to its medical use, metenolone enanthate is used to improve physique and performance.[6] The drug is a controlled substance in many countries and so non-medical use is generally illicit.[6] It remains marketed for medical use only in a few countries, such as Spain and Turkey.[5][6]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metenolone_acetate

Metenolone acetate, or methenolone acetate, sold under the brand names Primobolan and Nibal, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used mainly in the treatment of anemia due to bone marrow failure.[1][2][3][4][5][6] It is taken by mouth.[5] Although it was widely used in the past, the drug has mostly been discontinued and hence is now mostly no longer available.[4][5][2] A related drug, metenolone enanthate, is given by injection into muscle.[5]

Side effects of metenolone acetate include symptoms of masculinization like acneincreased hair growthvoice changes, and increased sexual desire.[5] The drug is a synthetic androgen and anabolic steroid and hence is an agonist of the androgen receptor (AR), the biological target of androgens like testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT).[5][7] It has moderate anabolic effects and weak androgenic effects, as well as no estrogenic effects or risk of liver damage.[5][7] Metenolone enanthate is a metenolone ester and a prodrug of metenolone in the body.[5]

Metenolone acetate was introduced for medical use in 1961.[8][5] In addition to its medical use, metenolone acetate is used to improve physique and performance.[5] The drug is a controlled substance in many countries and so non-medical use is generally illicit.[5] It remains marketed for medical use only in a few countries, such as Japan and Moldova.[4][5]

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/327242#are-they-safe

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hypoactive_sexual_desire_disorder

Medication

Approved

Flibanserin was the first medication approved by the FDA for the treatment of HSDD in premenopausal women. Its approval was controversial and a systematic review found its benefits to be marginal.[14] The only other medication approved in the US for HSDD in pre-menopausal women is bremelanotide, in 2019.[2]

Off-label

A few studies suggest that the antidepressant, bupropion, can improve sexual function in women who are not depressed if they have HSDD.[15] The same is true for the anxiolyticbuspirone, which is a 5-HT1A receptor agonist similar to flibanserin.[16]

Testosterone supplementation is effective in the short term.[17] However, its long-term safety is unclear.[17]

Is it safe for a woman to take testosterone?
Research shows that the hormone testosterone may improve sexual function in specific groups of women, but data on safety and effectiveness are limited. The long-term safety of testosterone therapy for women also is unknown.

Testosterone therapy is more controversial in females than in males.

Normal total testosterone levels in healthy adult females are 15–70 ng/dl. Low testosterone in females can cause fertility problems, irregular periods, vaginal dryness, and a low sex drive. Despite this, doctors do not often recommend testosterone injections to treat low testosterone in females, as they can have masculinizing effects.

However, doctors may recommend testosterone therapy to help with hypoactive sexual desire disorder in females after menopause. Research has not supported their use for other signs and symptoms that people may experience after menopause, which include anxiety, mood changes, weight gain, and reduced bone density.

Currently, the FDA has not approved any products for testosterone therapy in females. Additionally, in the USA, there are no readily available formulations that provide the recommended treatment dose of 300 micrograms per day for females. As a result, a female will typically need a compounding pharmacy to fill the prescription.

How many milligrams of testosterone should a woman take?
Since the commercially available dosages are too strong for women, female patients typically are treated with testosterone compounded at a dosage of 0.5 to 2 mg per day or ( 0.002 ML ).
What happens when a woman has low testosterone?

Symptoms of low testosterone in women can include:

Trouble sleeping. Overall strength decrease. Muscle tone is reduced. Weight gain, especially around the middle.

How does taking testosterone affect the female body?
Excess testosterone can result in mood symptoms or irritability, bloating, pelvic cramping, or even a return of menstruation. High levels of testosterone also result in increased estrogen levels, as a percentage of all testosterone in the body is converted to estrogen.
What happens if a woman takes a testosterone booster?

Side effects of women taking testosterone

Balding. Deepening of the voice. Excessive hair growth, particularly on the face. Enlargement of the clitoris, a part of the outside of a woman’s genitals.

Does masturbating reduce testosterone?

Many people believe that masturbation affects a man’s testosterone levels, but this is not necessarily true. Masturbation does not seem to have any long-lasting effects on testosterone levels. However, masturbation may have short-term effects on the levels of this hormone.

What are the risks of testosterone therapy?

Prescription testosterone treatments are available as gels, skin patches, and intramuscular injections. Each comes with potential side effects. Patches can irritate the skin. Intramuscular injections may cause mood swings. If you use the gel, don’t share the product with others.

Possible side effects of testosterone therapy include:

  • increased acne
  • fluid retention
  • increased urination
  • breast enlargement
  • decreased testicular size
  • decreased sperm count
  • increased aggressive behaviors

Testosterone treatment is not advised for men with prostate or breast cancer. Additionally, testosterone therapy may worsen sleep apnea in older people.

More on Low Testosterone

Thanks and Credit to John P. Mulhall, MD, and Calendar Bhasin, MD

While the number of men seeking testosterone treatment has tripled over the past decade, many patients who need hormone replacement for a testosterone deficiency are not receiving it.1 When low T occurs because of poor functioning testes or a tumor on the pituitary gland, for example, the result may be hypogonadism.

Recognizing this trend has led to the publication of guidelines for the diagnosis and management of testosterone deficiency in men by the American Urological Association1  (AUA) and an updated best practice recommendation from the Endocrine Society.2

“The use of testosterone therapy has increased dramatically in relatively healthy men without a clear indication of testosterone deficiency (low T), while other men in need of testosterone therapy fail to receive it due to clinician concerns regarding cardiovascular events or the development of prostate cancer,” says John P. Mulhall, MD, director of the Male Sexual and Reproductive Medicine Program at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York City, and lead author of the AUA guideline.

“One goal of the AUA guideline is to outline criteria to determine who has a bona fide testosterone deficiency, how to evaluate and determine who should be treated,” he tells EndocrineWeb.

Similarly, the Endocrine Society updated their best practices guidance for testosterone therapy in men with hypogonadism, a form of testosterone deficiency.

These clinical recommendations were prepared in response to a “much higher quality of evidence published in recent years about testosterone deficiency and a wider availability of high-quality assays for measuring testosterone levels, which had been a problematic issue,” said Shalendar Bhasin, MD, professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School, and director of Men’s Health, Research Program at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, in Boston Massachusetts, who led the work on the Endocrine Society project.

How Does Low Testosterone Differ from a Hormonal Deficiency?

Testosterone—a hormone produced primarily in testicles but also to a lesser extent by the ovaries and adrenal cortex—is essential for a variety of physical, cognitive, sexual, and metabolic functions in men. This sex hormone usually peaks in adolescence and early adulthood. As men age, the ability to produce testosterone begins to decline such that testosterone levels begin to drop about 1 to 3 percent a year beginning around age 40 years.

This natural decline, however, does not imply that a man is testosterone deficient or a candidate for testosterone therapy.1,2 A deficiency in this hormone only occurs in cases where there is a low level of testosterone along with specific symptoms or signs.

“Testosterone deficiency is a very specific clinical condition that is defined by the presence of a set of specific signs and symptoms that occur as a result of decreased production of testosterone by the testes in men,” says Dr. Bhasin. “It’s extremely important that testosterone is used only as Food and Drug Administration-approved treatment for this condition.

“What’s been happening over the past couple of years is that there has been a rise in off-label use of testosterone to treat a variety of age-related conditions and symptoms that don’t qualify as a testosterone deficiency,” he says.

Diagnosing and Testing for Hypogonadism

Outside of age, there are “myriad causes for testosterone deficiency,” Dr. Mulhall adds. “They include testicular dysfunction, chemotherapy or radiation to testes, or loss of the testes,” he said. Then there are secondary testosterone deficiencies, genetic disorders, Kleinfelter syndrome, pituitary disorders, steroid use, opioid use, diabetes, and obesity.

While testosterone supplementation is being used to treat low hypoactive sexual desire, a type of sexual dysfunction, in women, “we don’t know if it’s a bona fide condition,” says Dr. Bhasin. It’s been plausible but remains only a hypothesis that hasn’t been proven definitively.

According to the recommendations issued by both the Endocrine Society and AUA,1,2 before a diagnosis of testosterone deficiency can be made, patients must demonstrate both a low testosterone levels and show signs and/or symptoms of the condition.

Signs and Symptoms Signaling a Problem:2,3

Red flag symptoms:

  • Low sex drive
  • Difficulty with erection
  • Low sperm count
  • Unexplained loss of hair
  • Hot flashes
  • Low bone density

Additional signs:

  • Testicular atrophy (changes in testes)
  • Diminished lean muscle mass
  • Increased body fat
  • Elevated hemoglobin A1c
  • Osteopenia or low trauma bone fracture
  • Problems sleeping (insomnia)
  • Fatigue
  • Difficulty concentrating, lack of motivation, depression

When and How Should a Low Testosterone be Treated?

“Testosterone replacement shouldn’t be used to treat a naturally occurring, age-related decline in this hormone or simply for a low T number,” says Dr. Bhasin, “but if a man has a testosterone deficiency or classical hypogonadism, the benefits of treating the condition with testosterone is favorable and outweighs any risks.”

According to Dr. Bhasin, over the last two to three years there has been greater availability of high-quality lab providing good results for testosterone levels, which until recently has been a problem when trying to make a firm diagnosis.

To confirm the existence of low testosterone requiring treatment, the patient should have two separate blood tests on nonconsecutive days in the early morning (testosterone levels fluctuate during the day and are highest in the early hours) that are analyzed by reliable laboratories certified by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Dr. Bhasin told EndocrineWeb.

A normal range for testosterone levels is 300 ng/dL to 1,000 ng/dL, with the Endocrine Society considering low testosterone below 263 ng/dL, says Dr. Bhasin.

Your doctors should also determine if you (your spouse) show signs or symptoms of a testosterone deficiency. One problem with the symptoms for testosterone deficiency is many are “incredibly nonspecific” Dr. Mulhall cautions, which is why getting accurate testosterone levels is vital.

 “If a man had a testosterone level less than 220 and shows signs of osteopenia, the testosterone is low because the patient has bone density loss,” says Dr. Mulhall, “but you can’t just go on the number alone.”

Monitoring, Managing, and Follow-Up Care

Both sets of guidelines stress the importance of monitoring T levels during treatment to make sure the hormone falls within the desired range and to check the status of other health conditions such as sex, heart, and bone health.  

“While the number of men using testosterone has increased, it’s concerning that about 20 to 25 percent of men who go on testosterone never get their levels double checked before treatment, and a percentage of men who go on testosterone who don’t get their levels checked at all while they’re on the treatment,” says Dr. Mulhall.

There are a number of health reasons to monitor testosterone treatments. For example, low testosterone is a risk factor for cardiovascular events, but “giving a patient [supplemental] testosterone cannot be said to definitively raise or lower the risk for cardiovascular issues,” Dr. Mulhall says.

While testosterone replacement therapy does not cause prostate cancer, Dr. Bhasin notes that increasing testosterone could raise PSA levels, which may lead to an increased risk for prostate cancer, particularly in the 30% of men over 70 years of age who may have an early-stage prostate that has not yet become detectable.4

“One important goal of monitoring testosterone levels is to minimize the risk of unnecessary biopsies,” he adds.

Know the Health Warnings of T Supplementation 

When it comes to treatment, there are a variety of forms of testosterone—from gels to adhesive pellets to injections—that can be administered to men.

However, you should be aware that patients who use transdermal gels to restore normal T levels should be careful to avoid any risk of transferring testosterone gels to women and children.4 Covering the shoulders or upper arms where the gel has been applied is sufficient to protect against accidental exposure of this hormone to others.

From a reproductive standpoint, both professional organization guidelines note that men who are trying to conceive should not receive testosterone treatments because it impairs sperm production.

“Even when testosterone replacement is stopped, there will be a period of time during which it will take sperm production a while to recover,” says Dr. Mulhall.

“There’s no magic to diagnosing or treating testosterone deficiency,” says Bhasin. “Like any other condition it’s really important to have accurate measurements and be rigorous in the diagnosis and a major concern has been starting treatments without an appropriate diagnosis.

Low Testosterone

What is Test Enanthate?

https://go.drugbank.com/drugs/DB13944

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Testosterone_(medication)

https://steroids.click/buy/testosterone-enanthate-usa/

Testosterone Enanthate is an anabolic steroid that is slowly released and has a long half-life (10 days). The steroid stimulates protein synthesis for rapid muscle building. Along with this, the athlete obtains more power. In addition, Testosterone Enanthate stimulates regeneration processes. As a result, the athlete receives an increase in muscle tone, a burst of energy, and quickly recovers from grueling workouts.

Dosage: For a beginner who wants to use Testosterone Enanthate solo for 12 weeks, a dose of 300-500 mg per week will be sufficient. Experienced bodybuilders sometimes take up to 1000 mg of the drug per week.

Bulking Cycle: For weight gain, Testosterone Enanthate is taken with such anabolic steroids as Deca Durabolin or Dianabol. This combination is suitable for beginners and experienced bodybuilders.

Cutting Cycle: For drying, it is worth adding an aromatase inhibitor to Testosterone Enanthate, which will control excessive bloating and water retention. In this case, for the normal functioning of the body, the steroid is used in minimal doses: 100 mg per week.

Testosterone enanthate, sold under the brand names Delatestryl and Xyosted among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) drug which is utilized for the most part in the treatment of low testosterone levels in men. It is additionally utilized in hormone treatment for transgender men. It is given by injection into the muscle for the most part once every one to about a month. It was presented for clinical use in 1954. Alongside testosterone cypionate, testosterone undecanoate, and testosterone propionate, it is one of the most broadly utilized testosterone esters. Notwithstanding its clinical use, testosterone enanthate is utilized to improve build and execution. Medication is a controlled substance in numerous nations thus non-clinical use is commonly illegal.

Uses of Testosterone Enanthate in Human Body

Testosterone enanthate is utilized in men who don’t make a sufficient regular substance called testosterone. In guys, testosterone is liable for some, typical capacities, including development and improvement of the private parts, muscles, and bones. It likewise helps cause an ordinary sexual turn of events (puberty) in young men. Testosterone has a place with a class of medications known as androgens. It works by influencing many-body frameworks so the body can create and work ordinarily. It might likewise be utilized in certain pre-adult young men to cause puberty in those with postponed puberty. It might likewise be utilized to treat particular kinds of breast cancer in ladies.

Misusing or Overdosing Testosterone Enanthate

Abuse or maltreatment of testosterone enanthate can cause genuine symptoms, for example, coronary illness (counting respiratory failure), stroke, liver sickness, mental/state of mind issues, unusual medication looking for the conduct, or ill-advised bone development (in young people). Try not to expand your dose or utilize this medication more regularly or for longer than recommended. At the point when testosterone is abused or manhandled, you may have withdrawal side effects, (for example, discouragement, fractiousness, tiredness) when you out of nowhere quit utilizing the medication. These manifestations may last from weeks to months.

What does testosterone enanthate do to your body?
This medication is used in men who do not make enough of a natural substance called testosterone. In males, testosterone is responsible for many normal functions, including the growth and development of the genitals, muscles, and bones. It also helps cause normal sexual development (puberty) in boys.
How long does it take for testosterone enanthate to kick in?
Use of testosterone enanthate has been shown to significantly increase strength within 6-12 weeks of administration (2, 9), however, it is unclear if the ergogenic benefits are evident in less than 6 weeks.
What happens if you hit a blood vessel while injecting?
Injecting a blood vessel can cause serious complications in rare cases. However, the likelihood of hitting a blood vessel in the subcutaneous fat is extremely rare. More than likely, if there is blood, it is from slight bleeding after the injection.
How long does testosterone enanthate stay in your system?
The inactivation of testosterone occurs primarily in the liver. Testosterone enanthate presents a long half-life in the range of 7-9 days
How do you feel when you’re on testosterone enanthate?
Side effects of testosterone enanthate
  1. Chest pain.
  2. Shortness of breath.
  3. Swelling in the ankles or feet.
  4. Seizures.
  5. Mood swings.
  6. Increased frequency of erections.
  7. Painful urination.
  8. High levels of calcium.
What is testosterone enanthate 250mg?

Testosterone Enantate 250mg/ ml Solution for Injection

Testosterone Enanthate is a manufactured version of the naturally occurring male sex hormone, testosterone. It is used in adult men for testosterone replacement to treat various health problems caused by a lack of testosterone (male hypogonadism).

Does test e build muscle?
Testosterone enanthate, also known as testosterone heptanoate, is an anabolic and androgenic steroid (AAS) drug used to treat low testosterone levels. Anabolic drugs work by building muscles, while androgenic refer to the enhancement of sex characteristics typically associated with males.
Is Test E safe?
Testosterone can increase your risk of heart attack, stroke, or death. You may need to stop using testosterone or start taking blood pressure medication. Misuse of testosterone can cause dangerous or irreversible effects. Do not share this medicine with another person.
Is testosterone enanthate illegal?
In addition to its medical use, testosterone enanthate is used to improve physique and performance. The drug is a controlled substance in many countries and so non-medical use is generally illicit.
What testosterone is the best?
Testosterone Suspension. This type of testosterone contains no ester and is known among bodybuilders as a “potent mass agent.” This water-based testosterone is said to be the most powerful injectable steroid available, producing very quick muscle mass and strength.
Where do you store testosterone enanthate?
STORAGE. Testosterone Enanthate Injection should be stored at 20º to 25ºC (68º to 77ºF) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Warming and rotating the vial between the palms of the hands will redissolve any crystals that may have formed during storage at low temperatures.
How much testosterone should I take a week?
In general, the dosage is 50–400 mg injected into your muscle every 2–4 weeks. Dosage increases: Your doctor may adjust your dosage based on your testosterone blood levels, response to treatment, and side effects. Maximum dosage: 400 mg injected into your muscle every 2 weeks
Can testosterone increase size?
Testosterone is responsible for increased muscle mass. Leaner body mass helps control weight and increases energy. For men with low testosterone, studies show that treatment can decrease fat mass and increase muscle size and strength. Some men reported a change in lean body mass but no increase in strength.
Can testosterone increase size?
Testosterone is responsible for increased muscle mass. Leaner body mass helps control weight and increases energy. For men with low testosterone, studies show that treatment can decrease fat mass and increase muscle size and strength. Some men reported a change in lean body mass but no increase in strength.
What level of testosterone builds muscle?
Increases in total testosterone of 1046 ng/dL (95% confidence interval = 1040–1051) and 898 ng/dL (95% confidence interval = 892–904) were necessary to achieve median increases in lean body mass of 1.5 kg and appendicular skeletal muscle mass of 0.8 kg, respectively, which were required to significantly enhance one- …
Does test e cause infertility?
Despite its positive effects on sexual function, it has a negative effect on fertility. Exogenous testosterone therapy can negatively affect the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis and inhibit the production of follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone.
Does test enanthate cause hair loss?
SIDE EFFECTS: Nausea, vomiting, headache, skin color changes, increased/decreased sexual interest, oily skin, hair loss, and acne may occur. Pain and redness at the injection site may also occur.
How much testosterone do bodybuilders take a week?
Use of doping agents, particularly anabolic steroids, in sports and society. Significant anabolic effects occur at supraphysiologic testosterone levels (>1000 ng/dl), which generally requires weekly doses of 300 mg or more.

What is Test Cypionate?

 

https://go.drugbank.com/drugs/DB13943

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Testosterone_cypionate

What does testosterone cypionate do to your body?
This medication is used in men who do not make enough of a natural substance called testosterone. In males, testosterone is responsible for many normal functions, including the growth and development of the genitals, muscles, and bones. It also helps cause normal sexual development (puberty) in boys.
How long does it take for testosterone cypionate to work?
Most commonly, you can expect testosterone cypionate injections to start taking effect starting at anywhere around 3 to 6 weeks. After this period, you would likely experience a plateauing of benefits.
Is cypionate a steroid?
Testosterone cypionate, or testosterone 17β-cyclopentylpropionate, is a synthetic androstane steroid and a derivative of testosterone.
How long does cypionate last?
After that, it levels off around 12 days and persists in the system for upwards of 21 days. It takes 44 total days for cypionate to leave the system. So implied is the testosterone cypionate half-life would be 22 days. During a treatment regimen, cypionate gets administered roughly every 8-10 days.
Is 100mg of testosterone a week enough?
The USA FDA recommended starting dose for male hypogonadism is 50 to 400 mg IM every 2 to 4 weeks (.4 ML ) (41). The Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guidelines for testosterone therapy suggest an alternative of either 75 to 100 mg IM weekly or 150 to 200 mg IM every 2 weeks (3).

MG to ML

Does TRT shorten your life?
The cardiovascular issues associated with TRT have been clarified by recent studies showing that therapy associated with clear increases in serum testosterone levels to the normal range is associated with reduced all-cause mortality.
How much testosterone cypionate do bodybuilders take?
Including diuretics and cutting and hardening agents, professional bodybuilders may have 10-15 substances floating around their system at any given time. Like alcohol or drugs, a body’s tolerance builds up over time; top pros need to inject 2,500mg ( 2.5 ML ) of Testosterone or more, weekly, to receive any effect.
Does testosterone increase size?
Testosterone is responsible for increased muscle mass. Leaner body mass helps control weight and increases energy. For men with low testosterone, studies show that treatment can decrease fat mass and increase muscle size and strength. Some men reported a change in lean body mass but no increase in strength.
What is the best testosterone injection?
Popular brands of testosterone injections include:
  • Depo-Testosterone (testosterone cypionate)
  • Delatestryl (testosterone enanthate)
  • Aveed (testosterone undecanoate)
  • Testopel (testosterone pellet)
  • Ditate-DS (testosterone enanthate)
  • Depo-Testadiol (estradiol cypionate; testosterone cypionate)
Do testosterone boosters make your balls smaller?
If testosterone is taken by itself, it interrupts the connection between the brain and testicles. The testes will stop producing testosterone and over time will begin to shrink. In some cases, the testicles will shrivel up to the size of raisins. hCG helps keep them the right size during testosterone therapy.

What is Test Propionate?

https://go.drugbank.com/drugs/DB01420

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Testosterone_propionate

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/nursing-and-health-professions/testosterone-propionate

Testosterone propionate is a slow-release anabolic steroid no longer used commonly for the treatment of androgen deficiency or promotion of anabolic effects on muscles.

Testosterone propionate is a slower-releasing anabolic steroid with a short half-life. This characteristic allows the user to run short testosterone propionate cycles of 8-10 weeks as optimal peak blood plasma levels are achieved at 2-4 weeks.4 It is a synthetic androstane steroid derivative of testosterone in the form of 17β propionate ester of testosterone.2 Testosterone propionate was developed initially by Watson labs, and FDA approved on February 5, 1974. Currently, this drug has been discontinued in humans, but the vet application is still available as an OTC.5

Toxicity

Reports have shown a potential stimulation of cancerous tissue growth. The potential testosterone propionate accumulation in the body produces a high risk of edema secondary to water and sodium retention.7

What is testosterone propionate good for?
Testosterone propionate is often used for muscle mass building. The original medical indication is for the treatment of androgen deficiency in male adults either in hypogonadism or andropause. Nowadays testosterone propionate is indicated for its use in heifers in order to stimulate maximal growth.
How long does testosterone propionate take to kick in?
Results. Effects on sexual interest appear after 3 weeks plateauing at 6 weeks, with no further increments expected beyond. Changes in erections/ejaculations may require up to 6 months. Effects on quality of life manifest within 3–4 weeks, but maximum benefits take longer.
What is the difference between propionate and cypionate?
Testosterone propionate must be injected every 2–3 days, but testosterone enanthate (doses of 200–250 mg) and testosterone cypionate have longer durations of action and can be injected every 2–3 weeks, for replacement therapy of hypogonadism.
Why is Test prop so painful?
Testosterone propionate is often a painful injection, which is attributed to its short ester chain.
What’s the best testosterone to take?
  • TestoPrime – Strongest Testosterone Booster. A 100% natural, safe, and effective daily testosterone supplement. …
  • Testogen – Ideal for Men Over 40. …
  • Testo-Max – Best for Muscle Growth. …
  • Prime Male – Best Customer Service. …
  • TestRX – Helps Improve Libido.

What is SARMS?

Selective androgen receptor modulator

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selective_androgen_receptor_modulator

Selective androgen receptor modulators or SARMs are a novel class of androgen receptor ligands. They are intended to have the same kind of effects as androgenic drugs but be much more selective in their action,[1] allowing them to be used for more uses than the uses of anabolic steroids. SARMs signifies a new era of tissue-selective androgens with an unknown potential to treat (and possibly cure) several diseases. [2]

What is TRT’s? – Testosterone replacement therapy

Thus, TRT works by bringing your body back to a healthy range for testosterone, which then slowly begins to reverse the symptoms of low T. Once a steady baseline dose of testosterone has been established on TRT, most men notice an improvement in their energy levels, vitality, and quality of life.

Is TRT the same as steroids?
The main difference between steroid abuse and testosterone injections is the dosage. Testosterone replacement therapy uses smaller doses with the aim of bringing your hormone levels into normal, healthy ranges. This generally means using the smallest dose needed to help increase testosterone levels in your bloodstream.
Is TRT safe?
Risks and side effects of TRT include development or acceleration of prostate or breast cancer, development or worsening of benign prostatic hyperplasia, increased risk of polycythemia, development or worsening of acne, alopecia, gynecomastia, worsening sleep apnea, increased lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), liver…

 

What is Test Blend – Sustanon?

prop – short-acting

phenyprop –  longer-acting

isocaproate – similar to enanthate and cypionate

decanoate – longest acting ester

NOTE – enzymes liberate different esters at different rates

Sustanon is used to treat confirmed testosterone deficiency in males. The active substances of Sustanon are turned into testosterone by your body. Testosterone is the natural male hormone known as androgen. In men, testosterone produced by the testicles.

What does Sustanon steroid do?
Sustanon (Su) is an oil-based injectable anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) typically containing four different testosterone esters (testosterone propionate, testosterone phenylpropionate, testosterone isocaproate, and testosterone decanoate), which provides a continuous release of testosterone into the blood.
Is Sustanon the same as testosterone?
Sustanon is an oil-based injectable anabolic steroid, similar to testosterone cypionate or testosterone enanthate.
What is Sustanon used for in bodybuilding?
Sustanon is one of the most commonly used anabolic androgenic drugs to increase skeletal muscle mass and strength. This drug is a blend of four esterized testosterone derivatives: Testosterone propionate, testosterone phenylpropionate, testosterone isocaproate, and testosterone decanoate.
Which steroid is best for muscle gain?
** Trenbolone is one of the best steroids for bulking and cutting. It is also used for achieving massive muscle gains. Stack trenbolone with Dianabol, Deca Durabolin, Anadrol, clenbuterol, Winstrol, and Sustanon. This will help you achieve optimal gains at a faster rate.

What is Deca, Durabolin, Nandrolone Decanoate?

 

Nandrolone decanoate is used for physique- and performance-enhancing purposes by competitive athletesbodybuilders, and powerlifters.[3] It is consumed by bodybuilders as per 8-12 weeks bulking cycles with some form of Testosterone as a base[34] because, according to the studies: if consumed solo (i.e., without a base); it shuts down the natural production of Testosterone by altering blood-testis barrier components.[35] Despite this fact, Nandrolone decanoate is one of the most popular injectable AAS worldwide, and nandrolone esters have been said to be the most popular AAS used by bodybuilders and in sports.[3][17] This is in part due to the high ratio of anabolic to androgenic effects of nandrolone and its weak propensity for androgenic and estrogenic side effects.

https://go.drugbank.com/drugs/DB08804

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nandrolone

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6826677/

Deca Durabolin is a very famous injectable anabolic steroid contained the steroidal hormone Nandrolone and is joined to the enormous Decanoate ester. The Nandrolone hormone initially showed up in 1960 under the exchange name Deca Durabolin. From that point forward various Nandrolone Decanoate adaptations turned out in the market, however, Deca Durabolin remains the most perceived. This steroid is one of the most usually utilized anabolic steroids by the two jocks and execution competitors. As a Nandrolone base, Deca Durabolin is joined to the huge Decanoate ester, which controls the hormone’s discharging action backing it off immensely. This permits the person to utilize the Nandrolone hormone without the requirement for visit infusions. Deca Durabolin conveys a moderately strong anabolic rating, somewhat more noteworthy than testosterone; be that as it may, its complete androgenic movement is a lot lower than testosterone.

Right Amount of Dosage of Deca Durabolin

The ideal dose is somewhere in the range of 200 and 600 mg/week. ( 0.6 ML ) Research has indicated that the best outcomes can be gotten with the admission of 2 mg/pound body weight. The anabolic and resulting development effect of Deca Durabolin in the scope of around 200 to 600 mg/week, increments proportionately to the dosage increment.

If in excess of 600 mg/week is regulated, one beginning seeing the negative effects. Also, at a dosage level over 600 mg/week, the anabolic effect no longer expands proportionately to the dosage increment, so that even 1000 mg/week doesn’t ensure fundamentally preferred outcomes over 600 mg/week!

Most male competitors experience great outcomes by taking 400 mg/week. Steroid novices typically need just 200 mg/week.

Stacking Deca Durabolin with Other Steroids

Deca is an incredible steroid for muscle development and can be joined with numerous different steroids. Deca Durabolin consolidates well for muscle development with Dianabol (D-Bol) and Testoviron Depot. The celebrated Dianabol (D-Bol)/Deca stack brings about fast and solid addition in muscle mass. Most competitors generally take 15-40 mg Dianabol (D-Bol)/day and 200-400 mg  or ( 0.4 ML ) Deca/week. Quicker outcomes can be accomplished with 400 mg Deca/week and 500 mg Sustanon/week. Competitors report a colossal increase in quality and muscle mass when taking 400 mg Deca/week, 500 mg Sustanon/week, and 30 mg Dianabol (D-Bol)/day.

Nandrolone decanoate, sold under the brand name Deca-Durabolin among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication that is used primarily in the treatment of anemias and wasting syndromes, as well as osteoporosis in menopausal women.

What does Deca do to your body?
These medicines help to rebuild tissues that have become weak because of continuing illness or serious injury. Deca-Durabolin can be used to increase lean body mass in the case of negative nitrogen balance. It can also be used to increase bone mass and stimulate the formation of red blood cells in the bone marrow.
What does nandrolone do to the body?
The positive effects of nandrolone esters include muscle growth, appetite stimulation and increased red blood cell production, and bone density. Clinical studies have shown them to be effective in treating anemia, osteoporosis, and breast cancer.
What is nandrolone used in bodybuilding?
Nandrolone decanoate is a slow-acting anabolic steroid designed for the sole purpose of increasing muscle mass. It acts by promoting nitrogen retention in muscles leading to an increase in muscle size and provides joint pain relief by promoting the synthesis of collagen and the enhancement of bone mineralization.
Is nandrolone decanoate safe?
The acute toxicity of nandrolone decanoate in animals is very low. There are no reports of acute overdosage with Deca-Durabolin in the human. Nandrolone is chemically related to testosterone and shows enhanced anabolic and reduced androgenic activity.
How quickly does Deca work?
The decanoate ester gives the preparation duration of action of about three weeks after injection. Nandrolone is chemically related to the male hormone. Compared to testosterone, it has an enhanced anabolic and reduced androgenic activity. Nandrolone Deca earned great recognition around 60 years ago. Nandrolone decanoate on the other hand acts very slowly. The compound takes at least 4-6 weeks to achieve peak plasma concentration in the blood. In many cases, it can take up to 8-weeks and until then, you will rarely see any potential benefits.
What are the side effects of nandrolone decanoate?
Side effects of nandrolone decanoate may include symptoms of masculinization like acne, increased hair growth, voice changes, and decreased sexual desire due to its ability to suppress endogenous testosterone synthesis while not being a sufficient androgen itself.
Does Deca make you aggressive?
There is a correlation between the administration of nandrolone decanoate (ND) and aggressive behavior, in fact, increased aggressive behavior [13] has been shown in many studies but contradictory outcomes when using different methodological approaches no effect on aggression [14-18] have been reported as well.
Does Deca build muscle?
Anabolic and androgenic agents such as Nandrolone Decanoate (Deca) and Testosterone have shown to consistently increase skeletal muscle tissue and heighten the effects of resistance training.
Does Deca cause water retention?

Androgens (Includes Deca-Durabolin) fluid retention

Androgenic anabolic steroids may cause sodium and water retention, particularly when given in high dosages or for prolonged periods.

What are the benefits of nandrolone decanoate?
More recently, nandrolone decanoate has been shown to increase lean body mass (LBM) and improve physical performance (16), and resistance exercise training has been shown to increase strength and improve physical performance (17).
How long does Deca stay in your blood?
Deca-Durabolin – 14 days

NPP 200 Nandrolone Phenylpropionate

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nandrolone

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nandrolone_phenylpropionate#:~:text=Nandrolone%20phenylpropionate%20(NPP)%2C%20or,into%20muscle%20once%20every%20week.

Nandrolone phenylpropionate (NPP), or nandrolone phenpropionate, sold under the brand name Durabolin among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication that has been used primarily in the treatment of breast cancer and osteoporosis in women. It is given by injection into a muscle once every week. Although it was widely used in the past, the drug has mostly been discontinued and hence is now mostly no longer available.

Side effects of NPP include symptoms of masculinization like acneincreased hair growthvoice changes, and increased sexual desire.[3] The drug is a synthetic androgen and anabolic steroid and hence is an agonist of the androgen receptor (AR), the biological target of androgens like testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT).[3][12] It has strong anabolic effects and weak androgenic effects, which give it a mild side effect profile and make it especially suitable for use in women and children.[3][12][13] NPP is a nandrolone ester and a long-lasting prodrug of nandrolone in the body.[3]

NPP was first described in 1957 and was introduced for medical use in 1959.[3] It was the first nandrolone ester to be introduced, followed by nandrolone decanoate in 1962, and has been one of the most widely used nandrolone esters.[3][14] However, in more recent times, the drug has been largely superseded by nandrolone decanoate, which is longer-acting and more convenient to use.[3][11] In addition to its medical use, NPP is used to improve physique and performance.[3] The drug is a controlled substance in many countries and so non-medical use is generally illicit.[3]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nandrolone_decanoate

Equipoise, Boldenone Undecylenate

What is Boldenone used for in bodybuilding?
With a chemical structure that’s nearly identical to testosterone, boldenone can stimulate protein synthesis and the release of erythropoietin in the kidneys. Athletes sometimes use boldenone, which may be sold on the black market, to increase muscle mass and strength.
What is Boldenone Undecylenate used for?

Equipoise (Boldenone Undecylenate Injection) is recommended as an aid for treating debilitated horses when an improvement in weight, hair coat, or general physical condition is desired. Debilitation often follows disease or may occur following overwork and overexertion.
Is boldenone good for bulking?
There are better anabolic steroids out there for bulking up, but boldenone is still effective at building lean muscle mass. That is useful for baseball players because it introduces the possibility of gaining strength without looking like the Hulk, which would obviously raise suspicion.
What’s better Deca or Boldenone?
Deca is a far superior drug to boldenone, and as for how much you keep, there are far too many factors involved, the only difference between drugs is water if you are prone, so should not be a concern Your nurse will check your blood pressure regularly, Deca Durabolin vs boldenone.
What are the side effects of Equipoise?
It was formerly used in humans as well. It is given by injection into a muscle. Side effects of boldenone undecylenate include symptoms of masculinization like acne, increased hair growth, voice changes, and increased sexual desire.

 

Primabolon, Enanthate Easter

The drug is what is known as a dihydrotestosterone-based anabolic steroid (or DHT).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metenolone_enanthate#:~:text=SMILES-,show,given%20by%20injection%20into%20muscle.

Metenolone enanthate, or methenolone enanthate, sold under the brand names Primobolan Depot and Nibal Injection, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication that is used mainly in the treatment of anemia due to bone marrow failure. It is given by injection into a muscle.

Does Primobolan convert estrogen?
Primobolan does not convert into estradiol.
Is Primobolan testosterone-based?
Primobolan is the trade name for a steroid called methenolone enanthate, which is essentially a modified form of the sex hormone testosterone. (Rodriguez’s elevated testosterone levels may be a result of the Primobolan, rather than of actually taking exogenous testosterone.)
What are the side effects of Primobolan?
Side effects of methenolone enanthate include symptoms of masculinization like acne, increased hair growth, voice changes, and increased sexual desire.
What are the benefits of Primobolan?
** Primobolan is most popularly used on a cutting cycle. Its benefit over other anabolic steroids that bodybuilders use to get ripped is that it will maintain muscle mass while it cuts body fat. It will encourage the body to burn stored fat for energy while retaining hard-earned lean muscle mass.
Does Primobolan dry you out?
Unlike other anabolic steroids, Winstrol does not lead to water retention. Retaining water is not a good look on stage, and it can sabotage your lean and sexy look. Winstrol helps you dry out, and it’s the perfect addition to an excellent learning diet.
How long does Primobolan stay in your system?
Durabolin – 4.5 days. Winstrol – 24 hours. Anavar – 9 hours. Anadrol – 5 – 9 hours.
Is there oral Primobolan?
Metenolone acetate, or methenolone acetate, sold under the brand names Primobolan and Nibal, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication that is used mainly in the treatment of anemia due to bone marrow failure. It is taken by mouth.
Can you bulk on Primobolan?
The use of Primobolan in bulking or lean mass cycles do occur, but it is extremely rare for such a user due to Primobolan’s very weak anabolic strength rating. A course of Primobolan is best suited during the drying cycle to preserve muscle and provide relief.
Masteron, Prop (propionate) Ester

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drostanolone_propionate

What does Masteron steroid do?
Because of its strong anti-estrogenic properties, Masteron was used as a treatment for inoperable breast cancer but increased in popularity as a bodybuilding agent that athletes use in preparation for a competition.
What is Masteron used for in bodybuilding?

Drostanolone Propionate

Because of its strong anti-estrogenic properties, Masteron was used as a treatment for inoperable breast cancer but increased in popularity as a bodybuilding agent that athletes use in preparation for a competition.

Is 200 mg of Masteron enough?
For most athletes, the ideal Masteron dosage is between 200mg and 600mg (.2 – 06 ML). The 200mg weekly dosage of Masteron is best suited to the needs of athletes who are new to the world of performance enhancement.

Masteron is DHT (dihydrotestosterone) derivative. It is an injectable anabolic steroid. … On the other hand, Masteron Enanthate is the slower, but longer-acting anabolic steroids. Masteron Enanthate contains an ester attached to the drostanolone that is responsible for the slower, but longer release of the hormone.

What is Masteron propionate used for?
Drostanolone propionate, or dromostanolone propionate, sold under the brand names Drolban, Masteril, and Masteron among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication that was used to treat breast cancer in women but is now no longer marketed. It is given by injection into the muscle.
What is Masteron used for in bodybuilding?

Muscle hardening and growth. … Many reports that Masteron helps to improve energy levels when they’re at the gym or when they’re at home. It also helps to speed up metabolism and can boost the amount of energy that your cells produce. It helps with cutting.
How long does it take for Masteron propionate to kick in?
Most who use test prop indicate the kick-in time is between 2-4 weeks of the cycle. Masteron propionate stacked with testosterone propionate I have seen Masteron propionate in the same list as test prop, I’m thinking about picking both up to run together.
Is Masteron oil or water-based?
The scientific name for this class of drugs is anabolic-androgenic steroids. Anabolic refers to muscle-building – Muscle Increase Supplements, Masteron before and after. Masteron is an oil-based steroid that is administered via injection.
What is better Masteron or Winstrol?
Winstrol and Masteron are almost identical products in terms of their properties and functioning in the body. However, Masteron is a little less dangerous to health than Winstrol, which has many harmful effects. In any case, these anabolic agents can be replaced by Winsol.
Is Masteron the same as Proviron?
A: Proviron (oral 1-methyl-dihydrotestosterone) and Masteron (an injectable form of 2-methyl-dihydrotestosterone) are indeed structurally very similar. … Both steroids are DHT derivatives, yes, and because of this, there is no estrogen conversion possible with either drug.
Can Masteron be used to bulk?

Masteron Enanthate works best when it is stacked with other anabolic steroids versus being used alone. … It is mainly used in bulking cycles, but there is also a place for it in cutting cycles.
What are the benefits of Masteron?
Signs of Masteron Use
  • Increased hemoglobin.
  • Darkening and thickening of hair.
  • Increase in levels of IGF-1 and MGF hormones.
  • Increased collagen synthesis.
  • Increased bone mineral content.
  • Anti-catabolic effect on muscle tissues.
  • Heightened self-esteem.
  • Deeper voice.
How long can you take Masteron?

Masteron is best used for cycles of no longer than 8 weeks in dosages of 300-600 mg/week.
What is best to stack with Masteron?
Propionate is the most popular variant of Masteron. … Normally the cycle length is 8 to 10 weeks and it should be combined at least with a testosterone steroid (ideally Testosterone Propionate for compatibility), while it also delivers excellent results when used with more powerful steroids like Winstrol or Trenbolone.
How often do you take Masteron?
Masteron is an injectable anabolic steroid that is normally taken either every day or every other day. A much rarer form of it exists as well which only needs to be injected 2-3 times per week (see below).
How much Masteron should I take per week?
For example, your Masteron propionate dosage is 350mg per week. This means you may be injecting either 50mg every single day, or 100mg every other day. The solo cycle involves the introduction of propionate thrice a week or every other day, and enanthate only once each seven days.
Trenbolone, Acetate Easter
What does tren ace do to your body?
Similar to many other AAS, trenbolone acetate has the capability to produce insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1). This naturally produced protein-based hormone affects every cell in the body of an organism and plays a large role in muscle recovery and rejuvenation.
How long does Tren Ace take to kick in?
To start seeing the full effects of Tren after starting a cycle, it takes about a week to fully kick in. As a Tren cycle is normally anywhere from 8 to 16 weeks long, this gives plenty of time to enjoy the immensely powerful effects of this steroid.

What is the difference between trenbolone acetate ester and Trenbolone Enanthate?

The primary difference between these two forms of Trenbolone boils down to esters. While Tren E has relatively fewer esters, it peaks more slowly and therefore leaves the body slower. Conversely, as Trenbolone Acetate has much more esters, it peaks much quicker and leaves your system quicker.

Which steroid is best for muscle gain?
** Trenbolone is one of the best steroids for bulking and cutting. It is also used for achieving massive muscle gains. Stack trenbolone with Dianabol, Deca Durabolin, Anadrol, clenbuterol, Winstrol, and Sustanon. This will help you achieve optimal gains at a faster rate.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trenbolone

Trenbolone is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) of the nandrolone group which itself was never marketed.[1][2][3][4][5] Trenbolone ester prodrugs, including trenbolone acetate (brand names FinajetFinaplix, others) and trenbolone hexahydrobenzylcarbonate (brand names ParabolanHexabolan), are or have been marketed for veterinary and clinical use.[1][2][3][5][6][7] Trenbolone acetate is used in veterinary medicine in livestock to increase muscle growth and appetite, while trenbolone hexahydrobenzylcarbonate was formerly used clinically in humans but is now no longer marketed.[1][2][3][5] In addition, although it is not approved for clinical or veterinary use, trenbolone enanthate is sometimes sold on the black market under the nickname Trenabol.[5]

What is the purpose of trenbolone?
Trenbolone, also known as trienolone or trienbolone, is a steroid used on livestock to increase muscle growth and appetite.
What does Tren do to your body?
The administration of the trenbolone hormone promotes a direct anabolic effect on Androgen Receptor (AR) activity. AR activity facilitated by trenbolone contributes to an increase in IGF-1 and IGF-1R levels, which then enhances skeletal muscle protein accretion.
How long does Tren Acetate take to kick in?
Tren ace takes about a week to kick in whilst enanthate can even take up to 2 or 3 weeks. With acetate you will be making progress much quicker, you’ll feel it right away. Most bodybuilders seem to really prefer trenbolone acetate over enanthate.
What are the benefits of Tren?
The short answer is that trenbolone builds muscle staggeringly fast—even faster than testosterone. It also increases fat burning and strength even more than regular testosterone.
Does Tren make you angry?
Well, these intense periods of rage are much more likely when you’re taking Tren. This is because androgenic compounds can impact your brain chemistry, causing sudden feelings of anger and stress.
How much tren ace a week?
Regardless of the purpose at hand, be it cutting or bulking, most people will find tren e to be satisfactorily effective within the 300 mg- 500 mg per week range. Most users find 50-75 mg/day to be an ideal dosage range, giving excellent benefit as part of an anabolic steroid stack.
How long does it take Tren to start working?
Many customers of trenbolone acetate report feeling its effects instantly. Tren acetate kicks in within the first week, not like the enanthate type of trenbolone that takes up to three weeks to kick in.
Where do you inject Tren?
You need to inject into your outer thigh, halfway between your knee and the top of your leg.
Can I mix Tren and Test in the same syringe?
You can combine them in the same injection. Those two work really well together. Tren/test mix in one syringe only using one syringe. … When adding trenbolone and testosterone to the same syringe to inject at the same time it is best to pull your trenbolone into the syringe first then your testosterone.
Does Tren increase testosterone?
Because trenbolone is selectively metabolized to weaker androgens in vivo, we hypothesized that TREN will produce dose-dependent anabolic effects in skeletal muscle, bone, and fat that are at least equal to those of supraphysiological testosterone while producing a smaller increase in Hb and less growth of the prostate …
What happens when you stop taking trenbolone?
Unfortunately, steroids can be addictive, making it hard to stop taking them. And once users stop taking steroids, they can have withdrawal symptoms such as loss of appetite, tiredness, restlessness, insomnia, mood swings, and depression.
What to avoid while on steroids?

Prednisone has a tendency to raise the level of glucose, or sugar, in the blood, which can cause increased body fat or diabetes in some people. It is important to avoid “simple” carbohydrates and concentrated sweets, such as cakes, pies, cookies, jams, honey, chips, bread, candy, and other highly processed foods. Prednisone can increase the risk of gastrointestinal disturbance. Long-term use of alcohol causes inflammation of the stomach lining, which can lead to stomach ulcers, heartburn, and malnutrition. People with existing stomach issues, such as heartburn, should avoid using prednisone and alcohol together.

What are the side effects of trenbolone?
Physical side effects include elevated blood pressure and cholesterol levels, severe acne, premature balding, reduced sexual function and testicular atrophy. In males, abnormal breast development (gynecomastia) can occur.
What is trenbolone made from?
Chemistry. Trenbolone, also known as 19-nor-δ9,11-testosterone or as estra-4,9,11-trien-17β-ol-3-one, is a synthetic estrane steroid and a derivative of nandrolone (19-nortestosterone). It is specifically Nandrolone with two additional double bonds in the steroid nucleus.

Trenbolone Enanthate

How often do you inject trenbolone enanthate?
This drug is recommended once every 7 days but with the smaller sizes of 50mg, some doctors may opt for more frequent dosing of twice per week of the 50mg size.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trenbolone_acetate

What does Tren steroid do?
Trenbolone is a steroid used by veterinarians on livestock to increase muscle growth and appetite (17, 18). Because these drugs have remarkable effects on bulking muscle mass and burning fats, illicit use of them has been increased among bodybuilders.
How much testosterone should I inject to build muscle?
In general, the dosage is 50–400 mg injected into your muscle every 2–4 weeks. Dosage increases: Your doctor may adjust your dosage based on your testosterone blood levels, response to treatment, and side effects. Maximum dosage: 400 mg injected into your muscle every 2 weeks.
What is Tren made of?
Chemistry. Trenbolone, also known as 19-nor-δ9,11-testosterone or as extra-4,9,11-trien-17β-ol-3-one, is a synthetic estrane steroid and a derivative of nandrolone (19-nortestosterone). It is specifically Nandrolone with two additional double bonds in the steroid nucleus.
Why is Tren so powerful?
Trenbolone acetate also has the ability to increase red blood cell count. With a larger amount of red blood cells, blood oxygenation is enhanced. This allows for enhanced muscular endurance and therefore promotes a faster rate of recovery. Trenbolone acetate is capable of inhibiting glucocorticoids such as cortisol.

Tren 100  Tren Ace, Tren Enanthate

Trenbolone acetate was never approved for use in humans and therefore guidelines for human consumption do not exist.[5] However, athletes and bodybuilders have been using trenbolone acetate as a physique- and performance-enhancing drug for decades. There are a large number of benefits as a bodybuilder through using trenbolone acetate as an AAS. Unlike testosterone, trenbolone acetate does not cause any fluid retention while gaining muscle mass.[11] This allows bodybuilders to appear leaner, and this is why it is more commonly used whilst preparing for competitive events. Trenbolone acetate does not convert into an estrogenic metabolite,[11] and this results in a lack of estrogenic side effects.[5] Trenbolone enanthate is also a very commonly used AAS and lasts much longer than trenbolone acetate with intramuscular injection.[5

SUSTANON

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5700702/

Sustanon is used to treat confirmed testosterone deficiency in males. The active substances of Sustanon are turned into testosterone by your body. Testosterone is the natural male hormone known as androgen. In men, testosterone produced by the testicles. Sustanon (Su) is an oil-based injectable anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) typically containing four different testosterone esters (testosterone propionate, testosterone phenylpropionate, testosterone isocaproate, and testosterone decanoate), which provides a continuous release of testosterone into the blood and produces a stable testosterone level for a prolonged period extending for 3–4 weeks.

AASs are a group of synthetic compounds structurally related to testosterone, which are pharmacologically important for the treatment of hypogonadism, impotence, delayed puberty, muscle wasting, diaphragm atrophy, osteoporosis, types of anemia, endometriosis and fibrocystic breast disease, alcohol hepatitis, wound and burn healings, and finally, renal failure []. In addition to their therapeutic uses, AASs are also taken in high doses by athletes, bodybuilders, and youths to enhance muscle mass or physical endurance []. Uncontrolled usage of AASs may lead to serious side effects, such as cardiovascular disorder (particularly enlargement of the left ventricle), which can lead to sudden death, acute hepatitis and jaundice, testicular dysfunction, which leads to infertility, hypertension, and behavioral disorders []. Abusing AAS by many bodybuilders, athletes, and the youth is a serious health phenomenon that has recently increased rapidly [].

What is hCG?

Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is sometimes called “the pregnancy hormone” because of its important role in maintaining pregnancy.

Pregnancy tests check hCG levels in the urine or blood to determine if a person is pregnant or not.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has also approved hCG injections to treat specific medical conditions in both women and men.

In women, hCG injections are FDA approved to help treat infertility.

In men, hCG injections are FDA approved for a type of hypogonadism in which the body doesn’t adequately stimulate the gonads to produce the sex hormone testosterone.

What does HCG do to your body?
hCG is a protein-based hormone that the body produces during pregnancy. It helps maintain the production of important hormones such as progesterone to support the healthy growth of the uterus and fetus (9, 10 ). After the first 3 three months of pregnancy, blood levels of hCG decrease.
Is HCG being banned?
Human chorionic gonadotropin, or HCG, is one of these drugs that will now be deemed a biologic product. This means that starting on March 23, 2020, pharmacies will no longer be able to compound with HCG, and we will be retiring all PCCA formulas that include it at that time.
What is hCG used for in men?

There are a variety of reasons why a doctor might prescribe hCG to a man.

To help address hypogonadism

In men, doctors prescribe hCG to help address the symptoms of hypogonadism, such as low testosterone and infertility. hCG can help the body increase its production of testosterone and sperm, which can help reduce infertility.

To improve testosterone deficiency

Injections of hCG are also sometimes used as an alternative to testosterone products in men with testosterone deficiency.

Testosterone deficiency is defined as testosterone blood levels less than 300 nanograms per deciliter (ng/dL) along with symptoms of low testosterone. These include:

  • fatigue
  • stress
  • a low sex drive
  • depressed mood

According to the American Urological Association, hCG is appropriate for those men with testosterone deficiency who also desire to maintain fertility.

Testosterone products boost levels of the hormone in the body but can have the side effects of shrinking the gonads, altering sexual function, and causing infertility.

hCG can help increase:

  • gonad size
  • testosterone levels
  • fertility

Some doctors believe that using testosterone along with hCG may help improve symptoms of testosterone deficiency while preventing some of testosterone’s side effects.

To improve sexual function

hCG may also help improve sexual function in men who don’t experience improvement while on testosterone.

To reverse steroid side effects

Bodybuilders who take anabolic steroids such as testosterone also sometimes use hCG to help prevent or reverse some of the side effects steroids cause, such as gonad shrinkage and infertility.

How does it work to increase testosterone?

In men, hCG acts like luteinizing hormone (LH). LH stimulates Leydig cells in the testicles, which results in the production of testosterone.

LH also stimulates the production of sperm within structures in the testicles called seminiferous tubules.

As hCG stimulates the testicles to produce testosterone and sperm, the testicles grow in size over time.

What is Green Top GH (Somatropin)?

Growth Hormone Test Kit

For HGH injection, you must use Ultra-Fine pen needles, either 29 gauge, 30 gauge, or 31 gauge x 0,6-0,8 mm

MIxing Needle = 10ml/cc Syringes with 18Ga Needles and Caps, Disposable Syringe, Single sterile Individually Packaged (20Pack-10ML) + 5-10ml Empty Sealed Sterile Vials

How much bacteriostatic water do you mix with HGH?
Reconstitute each 8.8 mg with 1 to 2 mL bacteriostatic water for injection (0.9% benzyl alcohol preserved); in newborns or patients with a benzyl alcohol hypersensitivity, sterile water for injection can be used.
How do you reconstitute growth hormones?
Vial: Reconstitute 5 mg vial with 1 to 3 mL and 8.8 mg vial with 2 to 3 mL bacteriostatic water for injection (benzyl alcohol preserved). If sensitivity to the diluent occurs, reconstitute with sterile water for injection. Gently swirl; do not shake.
How many IU is in 1 mg of HGH?
Norditropin contains the identical sequence of 191 amino acids constituting the naturally occurring pituitary human growth hormone with a molecular weight of about 22,000 Daltons. ATC: H 01 AC 01. 1 mg of somatropin corresponds to 3 IU (International Units) of somatropin.
Where do you give growth hormone shots?
HGH should always be injected subcutaneously, i.e., just below the skin and into the fatty tissue. The best sites are the stomach, deltoid, and thigh. Simply pinch along the skin and inject the hormone into the roll of fat.

GH is a single-chain protein made of 191 amino acids with a molecular weight of approximately 22 kDa (Kilo Daltons). It is released into the bloodstream by the somatotrope cells of the anterior pituitary gland. Initially, it was taken from human pituitary glands, however, in 1985, biosynthetic HH replaced this earlier version.

https://www.bodybuilding.com/content/growth-hormone-what-is-it-and-what-does-it-do-an-experts-view.html

So what is the optimal dose of HGH one should take to attain its benefits? Ali: “To get the full effect of HGH, timing and amount are crucial. Needless to say, the period is taken and consistency is more important than the total amount, as taking a 200 IU kit of HGH over 50 days (at 4 IU a day) is more efficient than taking the same 200 IU over a period of 25 days (at 8 IU a day).”

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Growth_hormone_therapy

What is somatropin used for?
SOMATROPIN (soe ma TROE pin) is a man-made growth hormone. Growth hormone helps children grow taller and helps adults and children grow muscle. It is used to treat many conditions of low growth hormone levels, growth failure, and short stature.
Is somatropin the same as HGH?
Somatropin is identical to the endogenous pituitary-derived hGH, whereas somatrem has an extra amino acid on the N-terminus. Both synthetic forms have similar biological actions and potencies as the endogenous HGH polypeptide
How long does it take for somatropin to work?
If this medicine is used for weight loss/muscle wasting, it may take up to 2 weeks to notice the effects of the drug. Do not use more of this medication than prescribed or use it more often since the risk of side effects will be increased.
What are the side effects of somatropin?
Common side effects may include:
  • pain, itching, or skin changes where the medicine was injected;
  • swelling, rapid weight gain;
  • muscle or joint pain;
  • numbness or tingling;
  • stomach pain, gas;
  • headache, back pain; or.
  • cold or flu symptoms, stuffy nose, sneezing, sore throat, ear pain.
Does somatropin build muscle?
HGH helps to maintain, build, and repair healthy tissue in the brain and other organs. This hormone can help to speed up healing after an injury and repair muscle tissue after exercise. This helps to build muscle mass, boost metabolism, and burn fat.
How do you take somatropin HGH?
HGH should always be injected subcutaneously, i.e., just below the skin and into the fatty tissue. The best sites are the stomach, deltoid, and thigh. Simply pinch along the skin and inject the hormone into the roll of fat. Alternate the sites to avoid bruising.
How good is somatropin?
Somatropin has an average rating of 8.0 out of 10 from a total of 8 ratings for the treatment of Adult Human Growth Hormone Deficiency. 63% of those users who reviewed Somatropin reported a positive effect, while 0% reported a negative effect.
Are HGH gains permanent?
After a user discontinues steroids, loss of muscle size and, to some degree, strength, is often reported. Size and strength gains made during the use of hGH are permanent.
What color should HGH be?
HGH blue tops started out on vials of Hypertropin produced by Neogenica Bioscience before they switched from blue to green caps. Green tops were first used on Igotropin, but after other companies started using the color green, and the name changed from Igotropin to Revitropin, they switched to HGH blue tops for sale.
How do you reconstitute somatropin?
Vial: Reconstitute 5 mg vial with 1 to 3 mL and 8.8 mg vial with 2 to 3 mL bacteriostatic water for injection (benzyl alcohol preserved). If sensitivity to the diluent occurs, reconstitute with sterile water for injection. Gently swirl; do not shake
How much bacteriostatic water do you mix with HGH?
Reconstitute each 8.8 mg with 1 to 2 mL bacteriostatic water for injection (0.9% benzyl alcohol preserved); in newborns or patients with a benzyl alcohol hypersensitivity, sterile water for injection can be used.
Is injecting sterile water safe?
Sterile Water for Injection, USP is a hemolytic agent due to its hypotonicity. Therefore, it is contraindicated for intravenous administration without additives. Do not use for intravenous injection unless adjusted to approximate isotonicity with a suitable solute.
What are the side effects of sterile water?
Appropriate administration of sterile water for irrigation is not expected to cause adverse developmental outcomes.

Common side effects include:
  • low blood sodium (hyponatremia),
  • fluid overload,
  • fluid absorption, and.
  • electrolyte imbalance.
Does sterile water go bad?
Sterile Water for Injection is given an expiration date by the FDA based on how long the product is expected to maintain sterility (“shelf life”). … Therefore it is safe to continue to use the Sterile Water for Injection that is packaged with Recombinant until the expiration date of the Recombinant.
Peptides
Peptides stimulate the release of human growth hormone, which has an important role in muscle and bone growth. Peptides have become increasingly popular among professional and amateur athletes as they are hard to detect due to how quickly they are absorbed by the body.
What do peptides do for athletes?
Peptides are taken by many individuals to increase energy, burn fat, build muscle and improve athletic ability. They’re different from steroids in that they simply boost the levels of naturally occurring hormones in the body, to provide aid on top of an active lifestyle.
Why are peptide hormones used in sport?

Growth hormone, which is highly anabolic, increases skeletal muscle mass and reduces body fat and therefore is used especially by strength and power sports athletes.
Are Peptides better than HGH?
Because peptides have the ability to boost your body’s own natural growth hormone production, they are rapidly replacing traditional Human Growth Hormone therapy. Little Fact For You: There are currently over 60 FDA-approved peptides. In fact, insulin was the first peptide approved in the US.
Can I mix peptides?
Having said that, if you have previously combined peptides with acids and have not experienced any negative side effects or discoloration, you may continue to combine the two products as so as the combination does not pose any potential harm.
Do peptides need to be refrigerated?
When peptides are received, ensure they are kept in a cool, dark place. For best preservation, store them under refrigeration at 4°C or colder, away from bright light. Dry peptides are stable at room temperature for days to weeks, but for long-term storage, -20°C is preferred.
How do you dilute peptides?
If the overall charge of the peptide is positive, try to dissolve the peptide in water. If the peptide cannot be dissolved, try 10% to 30% acetic acid solution. If the peptide still does not dissolve, add TFA (< 50 μl) to solubilize the peptide and dilute to the desired concentration.
What are the benefits of using peptides?
Benefits of peptides
  • Improved skin barrier.
  • Reduced wrinkles. Collagen can plump skin and lips, and when skin is firmer and plumper, wrinkles and fine lines will be less visible.
  • More elastic skin. …
  • Eases inflammation. …
  • Can help clear breakouts.

Peptides (from Greek language πεπτός, peptós “digested”; derived from πέσσειν, péssein “to digest”) are short chains of between two and fifty amino acids, linked by peptide bonds.[1][2] Chains of fewer than ten or fifteen amino acids are called oligopeptides and include dipeptidestripeptides, and tetrapeptides.

polypeptide is a long, continuous, unbranched peptide chain of up to approximately fifty amino acids.[3] Hence, peptides fall under the broad chemical classes of biological polymers and oligomers, alongside nucleic acidsoligosaccharidespolysaccharides, and others.

A polypeptide that contains more than approximately fifty amino acids is known as a protein.[3][4][5] Proteins consist of one or more polypeptides arranged in a biologically functional way, often bound to ligands such as coenzymes and cofactors, or to another protein or other macromolecules such as DNA or RNA, or too complex macromolecular assemblies.[6]

Amino acids that have been incorporated into peptides are termed residues. A water molecule is released during the formation of each amide bond.[7] All peptides except cyclic peptides have an N-terminal (amine group) and C-terminal (carboxyl group) residue at the end of the peptide (as shown for the tetrapeptide in the image).

A peptide is a short-chain made up of two or more amino acids. The amino acids are linked by a chemical bond called a peptide bond. When organized in complex structures (typically consisting of 50 or more amino acids), peptides then become proteins. Peptides have several functions in the body. They are also the basis of various medications.

Are peptides or retinol better?
Stevenson and Dr. González agree that peptides seem to be less irritating than retinoids, which may make them a good antiaging choice for people with sensitive skin. But if you already use and get antiaging benefits from a retinoid, you don’t necessarily need to try peptides.
What are examples of retinoids?
What Are Examples of Retinoids? Tretinoin, retinyl palmitate, retinaldehyde, isotretinoin, and tazarotene are examples of retinoids, according to UW Health.
What are retinoids used for?
Retinoids reduce fine lines and wrinkles by increasing the production of collagen. They also stimulate the production of new blood vessels in the skin, which improves skin color. Additional benefits include fading age spots and softening rough patches of skin.
What is retinoid vs retinol?
Essentially, retinol is just a specific type of retinoid. Over-the-counter (OTC) products usually contain retinol, which is a weaker form, while “retinoids” usually refer to stronger, prescription-level drugs like tretinoin (the generic name for Retin-A), tazarotene, and adapalene.
At what age should you start using retinol?

Begin in Your Mid ’20s or Early ’30s

“Your mid-twenties are a great time to start using retinol,” says Ellen Marmur, M.D. “Many patients who have used it for years swear by it.”

What are the side effects of retinol?
First-time retinol users have reported irritation, including redness, dryness, and peeling. If you use too high a strength or apply retinol more frequently than you should, you may experience further irritation, like itchiness and scaly patches.
Which is better retinol or tretinoin?
Tretinoin is retinoic acid. Because you don’t have to wait for the skin to convert it (to retinoic acid), Retin-A works faster and is more powerful than retinol products. You may see improvement in six to eight weeks.
Because peptides have the ability to boost your body’s own natural growth hormone production, they are rapidly replacing traditional Human Growth Hormone therapy. Little Fact For You: There are currently over 60 FDA-approved peptides. In fact, insulin was the first peptide approved in the US. Peptides are short chains of amino acids that occur naturally in foods and your body. Manufacturers can isolate them from natural sources or make them artificially. You can take these supplements orally or inject them directly into your body. Peptides can engage with and activate various receptors throughout the body. This promotes the release of hormones and other messaging compounds that may influence your health, body composition, and exercise performance, and recovery.
HGH is a hormone that the pituitary gland secretes. It can help enhance muscle growth and promote the loss of body fat.
Growth hormone secretagogues (GHS) are a group of peptides that attract particular interest among bodybuilders because they can stimulate the production and release of human growth hormone (HGH).
What brand of HGH is best?
The best brands of HGH injections are Genotropin, Humatrope, Norditropin, Omnitrope, Saizen, and Zomacton.
Which HGH is best for bodybuilding?
HGH-X2 is a great legal alternative to Somatropin. According to the manufacturer, HGH-X2 can be used for improved fat burning, faster lean muscle gains, improved recovery, and cutting cycles. HGH-X2 works by triggering the pituitary gland to produce greater amounts of human growth hormone.
Does HGH X2 really work?
According to manufacturers, HGH X2 is completely safe and legal. It works naturally to induce the production of growth hormone in the body so that users attain lean muscle mass and increased strength.
Is HGH X2 legal?
HGH supplements are legal for use in adults. However, when taking an HGH supplement, it’s important to only take it as recommended. Taking too high or too low of dosage won’t offer the results you want. HGH injections must be prescribed by a doctor, along with any product that contains actual human growth hormone.
When should I take HGH-X2?
The recommended dose for adults is two pills per day. You should take both of these in the morning, preferably around 20 minutes before your first meal. You should continue to take the supplement pills for two months to get your desired results. Most reviews report seeing results from HGH-X2 within 2 months.
What is the best HGH?
HyperGH 14X is the best HGH supplement for muscle growth and athletic performance. HyperGH 14X is another HGH supplement that offers both pills and an oral spray, but rather than focusing on anti-aging benefits, this product is all about helping you gain muscle mass.

HGH * Lose fat, gain muscle * Increase energy level * Increase immune function * Enhance sexual performance * Increase cardiac output * Improve skin elasticity * Remove wrinkles * Eliminate cellulite * Improve vision * Increase memory retention * Improve the quality of sleep * Increase exercise performance * Lower blood pressure * Improve cholesterol profile * Increase bone mass * Quicken wound healing Growth hormone (GH) is a peptide hormone. It stimulates growth and cell reproduction in humans and other animals. It is a 191-amino acid, single-chain polypeptide hormone which is synthesized, stored, and secreted by the somatotroph cells within the lateral wings of the anterior pituitary gland. Somatotrophin refers to the growth hormone produced natively in animals, the term refers to growth hormone produced by recombinant DNA technology and is abbreviated “rhGH” in humans. GH can be used to treat conditions that produce short stature but are not related to deficiencies in GH, though results are not as dramatic when compared to short stature solely due to deficiency of GH. Examples of other causes of shortness often treated with GH are Turner syndrome, chronic renal failure, Prader-Willi syndrome, intrauterine growth retardation, and severe idiopathic short stature. Higher (“pharmacologic”) doses are required to produce significant acceleration of growth in these conditions, producing blood levels well above physiologic. Despite the higher doses, side effects during treatment are rare and vary little according to the condition being treated. GH treatment improves muscle strength and slightly reduces body fat in Prader-Willi syndrome, which are significant concerns beyond the need to increase height. GH is also useful in maintaining muscle mass in wasting due to AIDS. GH can also be used in patients with short bowel syndrome to lessen the requirement for intravenous total parenteral nutrition.

 

 

Therapeutic Swedish Massage, Sports Massage Therapy in Santa Barbara, Goleta, Ca.

*Disclaimer: This information is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease without consulting with a qualified healthcare provider.
Please consult your healthcare provider with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your condition.
The information provided is for educational purposes only and is not intended as a diagnosis, treatment, or prescription of any kind. The decision to use, or not to use, any information is the sole responsibility of the reader. These statements are not expressions of legal opinion relative to the scope of practice, medical diagnosis, or medical advice, nor do they represent an endorsement of any product, company, or specific massage therapy technique, modality, or approach. All trademarks, registered trademarks, brand names, registered brand names, logos, and company logos referenced in this post are the property of their owners.

 

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